Under the civil war-like conditions, the defense has increased from 46,000 men enlisted to 69,000 men. It is (2008) organized into 8 infantry brigades. Fighter aircraft missing. Half-military police forces amount to 62,000 men. The material is of Western and Chinese origin.
Defense of Nepal costs rose from 1.5% to 2.0% of GDP in 1985-2006. To see related acronyms about this country, please check ABBREVIATIONFINDER where you can see that NPL stands for Nepal. Following the 2006 peace agreement, the UN is represented in Nepal with observers from 28 countries. Nepal participates in UN peacekeeping operations in Congo (Kinshasa) (MUNOC), Haiti (MINUSTAH) and Lebanon (UNIFIL) as well as with observers in eight countries.
As part of the coup, the king at the same time declared the country in an emergency, suspended civil rights – including freedom of speech – and placed hundreds of political leaders (including the deposed prime minister), union leaders, student leaders and journalists under house arrest. In March, representatives from the main parties (Nepal’s Congress Party, Nepal’s Democratic Congress, Maoist Communist Party, People’s Party and Sadbhavana Party) signed an agreement calling for a constitutional assembly and overthrowing King Gyanendra. Politicians thus backed the guerrilla’s demand for the establishment of a republic and the convening of a constitutional assembly.
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The Maoists launched a 3-month ceasefire in September, which was answered by the king with a statement that he would crush the rebels by force. It merely strengthened the cooperation between the legal political parties and the Maoists, and in the spring they jointly initiated a strike against the king’s dictatorship. After 19 days of fighting between this political coalition and the king’s security forces, on April 24, 2006, the king had to give up and declare that he gave up his sole power and gave it back to the people. At the same time, Parliament would be called 4 days later. Parliament immediately implemented a number of further restrictions on the king’s powers: he was deprived of control over armies, was deprived of his title as a descendant of the Hindu god, and the country’s government was no longer called “the majesty’s government” but the “Nepal government”.
The Maoists in particular have been greatly strengthened politically as a result of the events of spring 2006. Many Nepalese regard them as the main reason for the overthrow of the royal tyranny, and the movement’s moderation makes them likely participants in a democratically elected government in the future.
In April 2007, 5 of 21 transitional government ministerial posts were handed over to the Maoists. The purpose was to take the decisive steps towards final peace in waiting for the election to the Constitutional Assembly at the end of the year.