Under the civil war-like conditions, the defense has
increased from 46,000 men enlisted to 69,000 men. It is
(2008) organized into 8 infantry brigades. Fighter aircraft
missing. Half-military police forces amount to 62,000 men.
The material is of Western and Chinese origin.
Defense of Nepal costs rose from 1.5% to 2.0% of GDP in 1985-2006. To see related acronyms about this country, please check ABBREVIATIONFINDER where you can see that NPL stands for Nepal. Following the 2006 peace agreement, the UN is represented in
Nepal with observers from 28 countries. Nepal participates
in UN peacekeeping operations in Congo (Kinshasa) (MUNOC),
Haiti (MINUSTAH) and Lebanon (UNIFIL) as well as with
observers in eight countries.
As part of the coup, the king at the same time declared
the country in an emergency, suspended civil rights -
including freedom of speech - and placed hundreds of
political leaders (including the deposed prime minister),
union leaders, student leaders and journalists under house
arrest. In March, representatives from the main parties
(Nepal's Congress Party, Nepal's Democratic Congress, Maoist
Communist Party, People's Party and Sadbhavana Party) signed
an agreement calling for a constitutional assembly and
overthrowing King Gyanendra. Politicians thus backed the
guerrilla's demand for the establishment of a republic and
the convening of a constitutional assembly.
The Maoists launched a 3-month ceasefire in September,
which was answered by the king with a statement that he
would crush the rebels by force. It merely strengthened the
cooperation between the legal political parties and the
Maoists, and in the spring they jointly initiated a strike
against the king's dictatorship. After 19 days of fighting
between this political coalition and the king's security
forces, on April 24, 2006, the king had to give up and
declare that he gave up his sole power and gave it back to
the people. At the same time, Parliament would be called 4
days later. Parliament immediately implemented a number of
further restrictions on the king's powers: he was deprived
of control over armies, was deprived of his title as a
descendant of the Hindu god, and the country's government
was no longer called "the majesty's government" but the
The Maoists in particular have been greatly strengthened
politically as a result of the events of spring 2006. Many
Nepalese regard them as the main reason for the overthrow of
the royal tyranny, and the movement's moderation makes them
likely participants in a democratically elected government
in the future.
In April 2007, 5 of 21 transitional government
ministerial posts were handed over to the Maoists. The
purpose was to take the decisive steps towards final peace
in waiting for the election to the Constitutional Assembly
at the end of the year.