My Son Temple City (World Heritage)
“Beautiful mountain” is the translation of My Son into German. The ancient temple city at the foot of a mountain was the political and religious center of the Cham kingdom from the 4th to the 12th centuries. The mostly overgrown Hindu temples are being gradually exposed, some were badly damaged in the Vietnam War defined by naturegnosis.
My Son Temple City: Facts
|Official title:||Temple city of My Son|
|Cultural monument:||Hindu temples, built from the 4th to the 12th centuries during the Champa Kingdom; religious and political center of the Champas; impressive tower temples; Sacred buildings with sandstone sculptures (mid-7th to mid-8th century)|
|Location:||My Son, southwest of Da Nang|
|Meaning:||Unique testimony to the high Hindu culture of Vietnam|
Phong Nha National Park – Ke Bang (World Heritage)
The Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park, located in central Vietnam on the border with Laos, extends over a karst area overgrown by tropical rainforest with hundreds of grottos, underground rivers and bizarre rock formations. It is part of the Annamite Cordillera and with 400 million years the oldest karst area of its kind in Asia. In 2009, 20 more caves were discovered.
Phong Nha National Park – Ke Bang: Facts
|Official title:||Phong Nha National Park – Ke Bang|
|Natural monument:||Karst area largely covered by tropical forest; extensive cave systems with hundreds of individual grottos, long underground rivers with a total length of about 65 km, many rare and endangered animal and plant species; named after the 18 km long Phong Nha Cave (at the highest point 83 m ceiling height); With the expansion in 2015, UNESCO expanded the world heritage from almost 86,000 hectares to 126,000 hectares. and especially the catchment areas for the ecosystem in the narrower sense.|
|Location:||Central Vietnam, on the border with Laos|
|Appointment:||2003, expansion 2015|
|Meaning:||Unique testimony to the history of the earth|
Thang Long Citadel – Hanoi (World Heritage)
The citadel marks the place where political power has been centered for over a millennium. Most of the buildings in Thang Long were destroyed in the late 19th century. Some remains have been reconstructed. The southern gate of Doan Mon is most splendid today. Most striking is the over 30 m high flag tower, a symbol of Hanoi.
Thang Long Citadel – Hanoi: Facts
|Official title:||Imperial Citadel of Thang Long – Hanoi|
|Cultural monument:||Imperial area established in the 11th century in the royal seat of Thang Long (in today’s Hanoi), established in 1010, with citadel in the drained delta of the Red River; until 1802 capital of the Annamite kingdom Dai Co Viet, until the present home of the respective political leadership; Site with extensive archaeological finds and some preserved buildings such as the flag tower from 1805; distinct, diverse cultural influences from China and the Champa Kingdom in the south as well as religious and political currents such as Confucianism, Buddhism, colonialism and communism|
|Meaning:||Unique testimony to the development of an Asian culture over centuries, the diverse influences and the related cultural exchange|
Ho Dynasty Citadel (World Heritage)
The citadel in Vinh Loc represents the new architectural style of Southeast Asian imperial cities of the 14th century, which formed a synthesis of ideas from Confucianism and Buddhism. The citadel is designed according to Fengshui principles; it is located between the Ma and Boui rivers, embedded in a landscape of lakes and sandstone cliffs.
Ho Dynasty Citadel: Facts
|Official title:||Citadel of the Ho Dynasty|
|Cultural monument:||Citadel built in the 14th century according to the Confucian teachings of Feng Shui; political and cultural center of Tay Do, the former western capital of the country; square complex (900 x 900 m) with boundary walls and four gates up to 10 m high made of stone blocks without binding agents, picturesquely situated at the intersection of the Tuong Son and Don Son mountains on a plain of the Ma and Buoi rivers; Structure from the seven-year Vietnamese Ho Dynasty (1400-1407)|
|Location:||Tay Giai, Thanh Hoa Province, south of Hanoi|
|Meaning:||Exceptional example of the architecture of a Southeast Asian royal city in the 14th century; impressive testimony to Confucian architecture; a rare case in the world of a preserved citadel carved in stone|
Trang An Landscape Complex (World Heritage)
Located in the delta area of the Red River, Trang An is a spectacular limestone mountain range with partially submerged valleys and surrounded by steep, almost vertical rock faces. Exploration of some of the highest caves has unearthed archaeological traces of human activity dating back nearly 30,000 years. They illustrate the settlement of these mountains by hunters and gatherers and the adaptation of people to climate and environmental changes. Today you can explore the lovely area through guided cave tours in row boats.
The World Heritage Site also includes Hoa Lu, the ancient capital of Vietnam in the 10th and 11th centuries, as well as temples, pagodas and rice field landscapes with villages and holy places.
Trang An Landscape Complex: Facts
|Official title:||Trang An Landscape Complex|
|Natural and cultural monument:||Limestone mountains with caves showing traces of prehistoric human habitation; also the city of Hoa Lu and the surrounding countryside|
|Location:||in the Red River Delta, near the city of Ninh Binh in northern Vietnam; about 90 km south of Hanoi|
|Meaning:||illustrates the adaptation of hunters and gatherers to major climatic and environmental changes, especially repeated floods|