Djibouti is a small nation located in the Horn of Africa. With a population of around 942,333 people, it is one of the smallest countries in the region. Djibouti is a semi-presidential republic and its military consists of two branches: the Djiboutian National Army and the Djiboutian Navy. The Djiboutian National Army is responsible for defending the country’s borders and sovereignty, as well as providing security to its citizens. In terms of defense spending, Djibouti spends approximately $190 million annually on its military, making it one of the lowest defense spending nations in Africa. The country also participates in several United Nations-led peacekeeping missions such as those in Somalia and Sudan. Djibouti is also a member of both the African Union (AU) and League of Arab States (LAS), and has close ties with other AU members such as Ethiopia and Eritrea. See naturegnosis to learn more about the country of Djibouti.
The defense encompasses (2009) 10,500 men enlisted and is organized into four regions with five infantry regiments, a naval section with five patrol boats and an air force section with two attack helicopters. Semi-military security forces amount to 3,000 men. The material is of varying origin. Defense costs decreased from 7.9% to 1.9% of GDP in 1985-2007.
A UN commission ruled that neighboring Eritrea was responsible for launching the regular combat operations that occurred with Djibouti in June 2008, and related areas from which strategic sea transport routes to the Red Sea can be controlled. The international presence has subsequently increased, and in 2009, there were 3,900 men from France with Djibouti territory from France with a naval infantry and an alien legionary regiment and 10 fighter aircraft. From the United States, there were 2,000 men from all four branches of defense and a naval base. Germany contributed 100 men and some sea surveillance aircraft.
Djibouti participates in the UN peacekeeping operation with observers in Western Sahara (MINURSO). To see related acronyms about this country, please check ABBREVIATIONFINDER where you can see that DJU stands for Djibouti.
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