Airplane: the national airline in Colombia is Avianca. This airline connects Bogota with Europe (Madrid), North America (Miami, Los Angeles, New York, Mexico City), Central America (San José, Panama City) and South America (Quito, Caracas, Lima, Guayaquil, Buenos Aires, Santiago, Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo).
A number of airlines, including Iberia, British Airways and Air France, offer connections between European cities and Colombia. From Europe, Colombia is one of the cheapest South American destinations, the cheapest connections start in London.
Spanair takes over a large part of the feeder flights to Madrid.
There are numerous weekly flights between Bogota and Quito in Ecuador. The airline Tame offers flights between Cali and Tulcan in Ecuador and between Cali and Quito.
There are several daily flights between Caracas and Bogota (including from Aeropostal, Servivensa and Avianca).
There are also connections between Bogota and Sao Paulo and between Bogota and Rio de Janeiro in Brazil, but the airfares here are very high.
According to naturegnosis, Colombia also has regular flight connections with most of the Central American capitals.
The main US airport for connections to Colombia is Miami, from here several airlines, including American Airlines, Avianca and Asse fly to Bogota.
Another important airport to Colombia is New York, from where American Airlines and Avianca offer flights to Bogotá.
On the west coast of the USA, Los Angeles is the main departure point, but flights to Colombia are more expensive from Los Angeles than from New York or Miami.
Airpass: The Oneworld Visit South America Pass is offered by British Airways, American Airlines, Finnair, Cathay Pacific, LAN, Iberia, Malev Hungarian Airlines, Royal Jordanian Airlines, JAL Japan Airlines and Qantas. He is in Argentina, Brazil, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Chile, Peru, Paraguay, Venezuela and UruguayValid on all routes operated by participating airlines. The pass is only sold to people living outside of South America and is valid for a maximum of 6 months after arrival in South America. The minimum number of flight coupons for this Airpass is three, there is no maximum number. Infants younger than 2 years travel free of charge, but they are not entitled to a seat. The entire route must be determined before purchasing the Airpass. Change of route or flight date changes are chargeable. Cancellations before the start of the trip are subject to a fee, after the start of the trip there is no refund of the price.
Airports:El Dorado Airport (BOG) is the main international airport in Colombia. It is located 12 km in the east of Bogota. The “Consul” shuttle bus runs regularly into town, and there are also taxis. Car rentals are also available.
Ernesto Cortissoz Airport (BAQ) is 10 km from Barranquilla. Cars can be rented.
Rafael Nuñez Airport (CTG) is 2 km from Cartagena. This airport is often used by charter flights.
Alfonso Bonilla Aragon Airport (CLO) is 19 km from Cali.
In addition, San Andrés Airport (ADZ) and Medellin’s Jose Maria Codova Airport (MDE) receive. international flights.
Ship: the most important ports in Colombia on the Atlantic are Cartagena, Santa Marta, Baranquilla and Turbo, on the Pacific, Buenaventura. Colombian ports are approached on numerous cruises from the USA, Central America, Mexico and the Caribbean.
Sailing ships sail between Colon in Panama and Cartagena in Colombia.
Leticia is an important Amazon port in Colombia.
Rail: There are no international train connections in Colombia.
Car: Colombia borders Panama, Venezuela, Brazil, Peru and Ecuador, but roads only lead to Venezuela and Ecuador. The border crossings to these countries are therefore also the easiest to reach.
The overland route to Panama is practically impossible to travel. This border region stretches across the infamous Darien Gap, a rainforest-covered swamp that is also the retreat for guerrilla fighters.
Brazil and Peru
The only passable border crossing between these two countries and Colombia is via Leticia in southeastern Colombia. Leticia can be reached from Iquitos (Peru) and Manaus (Brazil). The region around Leticia is safe.
Practically all travelers use the Carretera border crossing between Tulcán (Ecuador) and Ipiales (Colombia). Parts of this Panamericana route (especially the section between Pasto and Popayán) can be unsafe – so do your research before taking this route. Putumayo province is also risky and is best avoided. If the connection is not recommended for security reasons, you can fly from Cali to Ipiales or Pasto.
There are four border crossings between Colombia and Venezuela. By far the most popular and probably the safest crossing is between San Antonio del Táchira (Venezuela) and Cúcuta (Colombia) on the main route from Bogotá to Caracas.
There is another very popular border crossing at Paraguachón on the road between Maracaibo (Venezuela) and Maicao (Colombia). This is the quickest route from Venezuela to the Colombian Caribbean coast. Buses and taxis run between Maracaibo and Maicao, and direct buses run between Caracas and Maracaibo and Santa Marta and Cartagena.
The border crossing between Puerto Carreno (Colombia) and Puerto Páez and Puerto Ayacucho (both in Venezuela) is less busy. The transition between El Amparo de Apure (Venezuela) and Arauca (Colombia) is not recommended, it is located in a guerrilla area.
Note that it is strongly recommended that you only drive in Colombia during the day. Current safety information can be obtained from the embassies, among others.
It is possible to ship vehicles from Panama to Colombia.