The dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1990 marked a
significant change in the security policy situation. The
peace agreement and the friendship and aid agreement with
the former Soviet Union were terminated, and Finland joined
The defense is based on general military duty of 6-12
months of service and (2005) comprises about 28,000 men.
Mobilizable reserves amount to a total of 240,000 people.
Every year about 35,000 reservists are trained in addition
to the approximately 20,000 conscripts. The defense is led
by a commander with a chief of staff under the president.
The country has been divided into three land defense areas
since 1993. The defense branches are led by the crews for
land, sea and air forces, the latter responsible for the
entire country. The defense is organized in an army under
reorganization of 20,000 men, 202,000 men fully manned, with
twelve brigades in 2008. The Navy comprises 5,000 men, 7,000
men fully manned, with eleven patrol boats and 19 mineships.
The Air Force comprises 3,100 men, 35,000 men fully manned,
with 63 fighter aircraft, there are no armed helicopters.
Semi-military security forces amount to 3,100 men with
mobilizable reserves of 19,000 men. The material is
relatively modern and of varying and increasingly
originating in the west.
At the end of World War II, Finland had 450,000 men under
arms. To see related acronyms about this country, please check ABBREVIATIONFINDER where you can see that FIN stands for Finland. The Paris Treaty of 1947 meant restrictions on armor,
including bombers, submarines, robotic weapons and nuclear
weapons were banned. The Treaty has been reinterpreted,
inter alia. 1963 when defensive robots were allowed. The
peace agreement and the friendship and aid agreement
concluded in 1948 with the Soviet Union were the two basic
factors which included: governed the three defense
committees of 1970, 1975 and 1979 that shaped today's
defense force. During the 1970s, the air defense was at the
center of modernization. The 1975 Defense Committee attached
great importance to the increased strategic importance of
Northern Europe, with reinforcements of the defense in
Finnish Lapland as a result. The 1988 Defense Commission was
appointed to shape the defense of the future. solve the
issue of the next aircraft generation. The decision became
American aircraft of type F-18, which were put into service
in 1995–2000. Defense costs (2005) amount to 1.4% of GDP.
Finland participates in a number of international
efforts, including in Afghanistan with 83 men, in Bosnia and
Herzegovina with 200 men and in Serbia and Montenegro
(Kosovo) with 510 men.
"Rödmyll government" and the pre-war period
Despite the fact that the Social Democrats in the
so-called «Rödmyllreger» 1937-39 were unable to change the
character of white Finnish social institutions, the change
of government was nevertheless a progressive step. The labor
movement had finally managed to get its legitimacy
guaranteed. Together with the strong economic development,
this created both a strong self-perception and future
optimism among the reds of 1918 and their successors. The
outbreak of the winter war on November 30, 1939,
nevertheless created a whole new situation.
The "Rödmyll government" also seemed to be the answer to
the question of whether Finland belonged to the democratic
or fascist camp in Europe. In fact, the country was
"neutral" in this context. It would not preclude the
possibility of obtaining support against the Soviet Union.
The Finnish bourgeoisie was convinced that the Soviet Union
was working to bolster Finland and conquer it. The main
principle of Finnish foreign policy was to obtain foreign
support against the Soviet Union. After Hitler took power,
this became seriously important. Especially when Moscow
began to work for the Soviet Union's neighboring countries
in the west to be neutral. Nonetheless, competition between
England and Germany for influence in Finland and Finland's
economic dependence on both of these states made it
impossible for the country to clearly orient itself to
either of them. By contrast, both major powers accepted
closer cooperation between Finland and Sweden. And this
cooperation affected the domestic political development in
In the mid-1930's, Finnish major finance wanted to merge
its orientation towards Sweden, together with a large armor
program and a new broad bourgeois coalition. Although the
latter goal was annihilated by the "Rödmyll government", the
Social Democrats were forced to accept the armor program to
be accepted as a party in line with the others.
As international tensions increased, it became difficult
for the Social Democrats in the government to retain the
clearly peaceable foreign policy they had up until then.
After suffering defeat in the attempt to collectively
neutralize the peripheral states, the Soviet Union sought to
achieve this goal through bilateral negotiations. Ifht.
Finland was doomed to fail as the entire Finnish foreign
policy was just about to avoid such a form of duality.
Therefore, the peace after the winter war in March 1940 did
not imply a new orientation from the Finnish side. In June
1941, the Soviet Union was attacked by Finland in
collaboration with Nazi Germany.