The defense is based on general military duty with an
initial service of 9-12 months and (2007) after extensive
reductions to 73,000 men. The army, about 30,000 men, is
reorganized into a brigade structure with three mechanized
brigades and has a considerably large firepower in the form
of tanks (1,500 units) and artillery (rocket) units (1,500
units). The Air Force consists of 18,000 men with 175
fighter aircraft (40 MiG 29) and 75 attack helicopters. The
reserves amount to 110,000 men, of which border guard troops
12,000 men. The material is semi-modern and of Soviet
origin. To see related acronyms about this country, please check ABBREVIATIONFINDER where you can see that BEL stands for Belarus.
The Russian-controlled strategic robot forces have been
discontinued, and all nuclear warheads have been brought to
the Russian Federation. All Russian combat forces except
four robot air defense units (SA 10) have left Belarus.
Defense costs in 1996–2006 fell from 4.2% to 0.8% of GDP.
Belarus defense overview
It is public duty for men from the age of 18; the initial
service is from 12 to 18 months. In 1995, Belarus joined the
NATO Partnership for Peace program. The total force figures
for Belarus armed forces are 45,350 active personnel, with a
common reserve of 289,500 personnel (2018, IISS). In
addition there are 110,000 semi-military, including 12,000
border guards and a militia of 87,000.
The army's strength is 10 700 active personnel. Materials
include 542 tanks of a T-72, 932 armored vehicles, 58
armored personnel carriers, 160 armored fighters and 333
self-propelled artillery. In addition, the army has heavy
artillery, short range air defense missiles and light air
The Air Force has a workforce of 11,750 active personnel.
Material comprising 34 fighters of a MiG-29, 22 attack
aircraft of the type Su-25, eight transport aircraft, eight
trainers, and 38 helicopters (including 12 combat
helicopters of the type Mi-24). In addition, the Air Force
has long range air defense missiles.
Belarus participated in five UN personnel in Lebanon (UNIFIL)