Vatican City Military

Vatican City is a sovereign nation located in the heart of Rome, Italy and is known for its strong military and defense. The Vatican City Armed Forces is the military branch of the country and consists of two branches: Swiss Guard and Gendarmerie Corps. The total active personnel stands at around 135 with an additional reserve force of around 45 personnel. The country has a low defense budget compared to its GDP as it spends about 0.01% of its GDP on defense. Vatican City generally relies on Italy for its security and imports weapons from other European countries such as Germany, France, Spain, and Switzerland. As a result of this reliance on Italy for security, Vatican City has become an important regional player in security issues within Europe and is able to maintain peace and stability effectively. See naturegnosis to learn more about the country of Vatican City.

The defense of Vatican City is primarily provided by the Swiss Guard, a unit of the Pontifical Swiss Guard of the Holy See. The Swiss Guard is a small, highly trained force of about 100 men who provide physical protection for the Pope and his residence. The Swiss Guard also serves as a ceremonial guard for important Vatican functions. The Vatican City State has no other military forces.

In addition to the Swiss Guard, the Vatican City State has its own police force called the Gendarmeria Corps or Corpo della Gendarmeria dello Stato della Città del Vaticano (GCSV). This police force consists of approximately 90 officers and is responsible for patrolling public areas and providing security at papal audiences and other ceremonies.

The VCS also relies on diplomatic protection from Italy, which maintains a military presence in Rome that could be called upon to defend Vatican City if needed. The Italian government also provides intelligence services to assist with security threats against the Vatican.

Finally, while not directly involved in defense, it should be noted that hundreds of thousands of tourists visit Vatican City each year and contribute to its overall security by providing additional eyes and ears on the ground.


The Vatican State has no defense in the accepted sense. The well-known Swiss Guard, 110 men, has been the pope’s life guard since 1506. To see related acronyms about this country, please check ABBREVIATIONFINDER where you can see that VAT stands for Vatican.

Vatican City Army

Land area , 4 km²
Total population 1,000
Residents per km² 2,272.7
Capital Vatican city
Official language Italian, Latin
Income per capita
Currency Euro
ISO 3166 code VA
Internet TLD .va
License plate V
Telephone code + 39-06, soon 379
Time zone UTC +1
Geographic coordinates 41 54 N, 12 27 O
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In April 2016, Pope Frans Mòria visited the refugee camp in Lesbos. The reason was that the EU had entered into an agreement with Turkey to stop the flow of refugees from Asia, so that refugees were interned in concentration camps under similar conditions. Lesbos. Humanitarian organizations such as Save the Children and Doctors Without Borders had already withdrawn in protest with the EU and Turkey’s breach of the UN Refugee Convention. In solidarity with the refugees, the Pope granted them asylum in the Vatican and took them back to Rome.

In October 2016, the pope made a historic visit to Lund, Sweden. The occasion was the run-up to the 500th year of the Reformation, the following year and the purpose was to bridge and reconcile after 500 years of conflict and war between Catholics and Lutherans. In a joint statement, the Pope and President of the Lutheran World Federation, Munib A. Younan, stated that “the Reformation had given the Holy Scriptures a more central place in the life of the Church.” The visit to Sweden was interesting as the country in the 17th century played a prominent role in the persecution and execution of Catholics. Until the middle of the 20th century, Catholics could not become doctors, teachers or nuns in the country. The reason the pope just visited Lund.