The defense encompasses 2,700 men enlisted and is organized into two infantry battalions and coast guard with 24 patrol vessels and six unarmed aircraft. The material is semi-modern and of Western origin. Defense costs have decreased from 1.4 to 0.3% of GDP in 1985-2005. To see related acronyms about this country, please check ABBREVIATIONFINDER where you can see that TTO stands for Trinidad and Tobago.
Port of Spain
Port of Spain, the capital of Trinidad and Tobago; 49,700 residents (2005). The city is an important port city in the southeastern Caribbean with, among other things, transhipment of alumina and bauxite from Guyana and Suriname. It is located in Trinidad below the Northern Range mountain range and out to the Gulf of Paria. The central square of Woodford Square is named after the British governor, during whose reign (1813-28) the city took shape. Here lies, among other things. the Anglican Cathedral Holy Trinity and the Red House with the country’s parliament. It was the scene of a coup attempt in 1990, when Muslim rebels held the prime minister and other politicians trapped for five days.
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The city contains a mix of old and new; west of the great Queen’s Park Savannah lies the Magnificent Seven of the colonial era, a series of Edwardian mansions, built 1904-10. However, the Port of Spain is best known for colorful folk life (see also calypso), not least during the annual Carnival with magnificent parades and the awarding of this year’s Calypso Monarch. Initially it was a Calypso King, but when the female Calypso Rose won the competition one year, it was changed to Monarch. Many ironic calypso songs were written about the coup in 1990, i.e. because the prime minister was held hostage without wearing pants.
Dictionary of History
Trinidad and Tobago Caribbean island state composed of the two homonymous islands located off the coast of Venezuela. Administered by Great Britain as a single territory since 1888, the two islands were part of the Federation of West Indies between 1958 and 1961. The internal political life was for forty years characterized by the predominance of the moderate People’s national movement (PNM), an expression above all of the middle classes of African origin, founded in 1956 by E. Williams (without interruption at the head of the government until his death in 1981). The PNM led the country to independence (31 August 1962), then promoted its transformation into a Republic within the Commonwealth (1976). In the 1986 elections, a coalition of opposition parties prevailed, the National alliance for reconstruction (NAR), whose leader, AN Robinson, assumed the leadership of the government, but in 1991 the PNM returned to the government. In the nineties, the persistence of a serious economic situation and the maintenance of the austerity policy by the government fueled a strong social protest. In 1995, after the early elections, a coalition government was formed, with a progressive orientation, the result of the alliance between United national congress (UNC) and NAR. The new executive sought to revitalize the economy with a partial reduction in direct taxation and strengthened the police force to cope with the increase in crime related to drug trafficking. The 2000 elections confirmed the majority of the consensus in the UNC, but in 2001 the government went into crisis. The new political elections gave the UNC and PNM the same number of seats.