The defense, which is based on selective military duty with 24 months of first service, comprises (2009) about 8,500 men and is organized into 3 regiments, 2 smaller fighters and 16 fighter aircraft. Semi-military security forces amount to 750 men. The material is semi-modern and of mixed Soviet and Western origin.
Defense costs increased in 1985-2007 from 1.3% to 1.6% of GDP. Togo participates in UN peacekeeping operations in Ivory Coast (UNOCI) and with observers in Liberia (UNMIL) and Sudan (UNAMID). To see related acronyms about this country, please check ABBREVIATIONFINDER where you can see that TGO stands for Togo.
Lomé, the capital of Togo in West Africa; 837,400 residents (2010). Lomé is located on the Gulf of Guinea in the southwestern corner of Togo and is the country’s political, trade and industrial center. The town was founded in the 1700’s. of the Ewe people and in 1897 became the capital of the German colony of Togoland. The oldest part of the city lies on the sandy plains between the sea and the beach lagoons and contains the administrative quarter to the west and the commercial district to the east. Modern office and hotel buildings have been added, but the street network and many buildings still reflect the German and French colonial past. In the three-storey Grand March, famous market women hold Nana Benzand their far-reaching business empires for. The city’s industry lies to the east, where a deep-water port in 1968 replaced the old quay in the city center.
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In recent years, Lomé has been characterized by urban renewal and expansion, but also by political and social turmoil. Lomé has been the subject of recurring protest demonstrations following the irregular presidential election in 1998 and again in 2005 in connection with Faure Gnassingbé’s take-over of the presidency following his father in dome-like circumstances.