The defense is based on military service with an initial service including civilian duties of 24 months. It covers (2006) about 27,000 men and is organized into six brigades, six smaller fighters and 19 fighter aircraft. Semi-military security forces amount to 1,400 men. The reserves comprise 80,000 men. The material is outdated and of Soviet and Chinese origin. Defense costs fell from 4.4% to 2.5% of GDP in 1985-96 and (2006) to 1.2% of GDP. Tanzania has occasional UN observers in the Ivory Coast, Ethiopia/ Eritrea and Sudan. To see related acronyms about this country, please check ABBREVIATIONFINDER where you can see that TZA stands for Tanzania.
The total force numbers for Tanzania’s armed forces are around 27,000 active personnel, with a reserve of 80,000 personnel (2018, IISS). In addition, around 1400 semi-military police forces are arriving.
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The army has a strength of about 23,000 active personnel. Materials include 45 tanks (30 T-54 and T-55, and 15 type 59), 57 light tanks (30 Scorpion, 25 type 62 and two type 63), ten light trucks, and 14 armored personnel vehicles. In addition, the army has medium-heavy artillery.
The Air Force has a force of about 3000 active personnel. Materials include eleven fighters category F-7, one reconnaissance twelve transport aircraft, nine trainers (six of which can also be used as light combat aircraft), and three helicopters. In addition, the Air Force has short-range air defense missiles and anti-aircraft artillery.
The navy has a force of about 1,000 active personnel, 14 patrol vessels, and three landings.
In 2018, Tanzania participated in UN operations in the Democratic Republic of Congo (MONUSCO) with one infantry battalion and special forces (1003 personnel), and two observers, in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA) with one infantry battalion (445 personnel), in Lebanon (UNIFIL) with 159 personnel, and in Sudan (UNAMID), with one infantry battalion (818 personnel) and five observers.