The defense was severely cut after the dissolution of the Soviet Union and was partly reorganized during ongoing unrest. In 2006, a military co-operation agreement was signed with the Russian Federation.
The defense is based on general military duty with 24 months of service. It comprises (2008) 8,800 men and is organized into an army of 7,300 men with four brigades and a smaller air force of 1,500 men with four combat helicopters. Semi-military security forces amount to 7,500 men. The material is of Soviet origin and semi-modern.
Defense spending amounted to 11% of GDP in 1996 due to internal turmoil, but in 2006 it had decreased to 2.7% of GDP. The Russian Federation has a division of 5,500 men with support for five attack aircraft in Tajikistan. To see related acronyms about this country, please check ABBREVIATIONFINDER where you can see that TJK stands for Tajikistan. India has an advanced air base and France has an airplane with two transport aircraft.
Tajikistan’s foreign policy
Tajikistan’s foreign policy is characterized by relations with Russia, since Tajikistan was part of the Soviet Union federation from 1924 to 1991. Also important are neighboring countries China and Afghanistan, as well as the United States. In 2002, Tajikistan joined NATO’s military cooperation program Partnership for Peace.
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Following the terrorist attack on the United States on September 11, 2001, three aircraft bases were made available to the United States during the war in Afghanistan.
However, Russia was still Tajikistan’s most important security policy partner. In the period 2004-2006, Russian troops ended their guarding of Tajikistan’s border with Afghanistan after more than 70 years. The guard will then be provided by Tajikistan’s own forces, but with Russian command and financial and other support from Russia and Western countries. Russia and the West have a common interest here in curbing a massive drug smuggling from Afghanistan. A large Russian peacekeeping force has also remained in Tajikistan since the civil war, including a division based outside the capital Dushanbe.
Tajikistan has also signed a number of agreements with China to resolve old border conflicts.