After Montenegro declared itself an independent state on June 3, 2006, Serbia followed suit after June 5 of that year. Serbia’s territorial situation was further complicated when Kosovo declared itself an independent state on February 17, 2008. See the Yugoslav wars for the historical background. To see related acronyms about this country, please check ABBREVIATIONFINDER where you can see that SRB stands for Serbia.
Serbia’s defense has been based on military service since 2006 with 6 months basic education. The standing defense of 24,000 men (2008) is organized into 4 brigades with about 57 fighter aircraft and 53 armed helicopters. The battleships were transferred to Montenegro. The reserves amount to 54,000 men from the former territorial associations. However, the reserve value of the reserves can be called into question. The defense equipment is semi-modern with the exception of e.g. some MiG-29 fighter aircraft.
Defense costs increased in 1985-96 from 3.8% to 8.7% of GDP and in 2006 amounted to 2.5% of GDP. Serbia participates in the UN peacekeeping operation with observers in three countries. The UN peacekeeping forces in Serbia (KFOR) contain observers from 47 countries and troops from, among others. Denmark, Finland, France, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Poland, Sweden, Czech Republic, Turkey, Germany, Hungary, USA and Austria.
Serbia has had voluntary military service from 2011, and the initial service is six months. Serbia’s armed forces have 28,150 active personnel with a reserve of 50,150 personnel (2018, IISS). Serbia has no navy of its own, but a river fleet that falls under the army.
Since 1999, a NATO-led UN force (KFOR) has been stationed in the province of Kosovo. In 2018, the force was around 2,500 personnel, with a reserve of 800 personnel. Norway has contributed KFOR personnel since its inception.
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The army has 13 250 active personnel. Of material has army 212 tanks (199 M-84, which is a Serb variant of T-72, and 13 T-72), 46 reconnaissance vehicles, 335 armored vehicles, 83 armored personnel carriers, 48 armored fighters and about 70 self-propelled artillery. In addition, the Army has heavy artillery, short-range air defense missiles and anti-aircraft artillery.
The army’s river fleet includes five patrol boats, four minesweepers, five landings, and two logistics and auxiliary vessels.
The Air Force has 5100 active personnel. Of material has the RAF 13 fighters (four MiG-21 and nine MiG-29), 17 fighter type J-22, 12 reconnaissance, 10 transport, 42 trainers and 62 helicopters including two combat helicopters of the type Mi-24. In addition, the Air Force has short range air defense missiles.
Serbia participated in UN operations in 2018, including the Central African Republic (MINUSCA) with 73 personnel, and in Lebanon (UNIFIL) with 177 personnel.