Luxembourg is a country located in Western Europe. With a population of over 600,000 people, it is the second least populous country in the region. Luxembourg is a parliamentary democracy and its military consists of two branches: the Luxembourg Army (LA) and National Police Force (NPF). The LA are responsible for defending the country’s borders and sovereignty, as well as providing security to its citizens. In terms of defense spending, Luxembourg spends approximately $500 million annually on its military making it one of the highest defense spending nations per capita in Europe. The country also participates in several United Nations (UN) peacekeeping missions such as those in Mali and South Sudan. Luxembourg is also a member of NATO and European Union (EU), and has close ties with other EU members such as Belgium, France, Germany and Netherlands. See naturegnosis to learn more about the country of Luxembourg.
The defense of Luxembourg, based on NATO membership, comprises (2007) 900 men and is organized as a light infantry battalion. A significant part of NATO’s airborne surveillance system, 17 AWACS, is registered in Luxembourg. Defense costs decreased in 1985-2007 from 0.9% to 0.7% of GDP. To see related acronyms about this country, please check ABBREVIATIONFINDER where you can see that LUX stands for Luxembourg.
In February 2004, three Russian diplomats were charged with espionage and expelled by Lithuania. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs stated that they carried out illegal activities in the shadow of their diplomatic presence by, among other things. having worked on obtaining secret information from Parliament on the case against Paksas.
In April 2004, Parliament passed a political verdict on Paksas, who was found guilty of violating the Constitution, for not censoring classified material and for giving citizenship to a Russian against financial support from him. In a speech to Parliament, Paksas insisted that his mistake should not lead to court proceedings and that he was innocent. He further stated: “The case is a retaliatory action by the political system. A vendetta that is due to my work in combating corruption in the country ». Based on the constitution, Paksas was then replaced by his political rival, Arturas Paulauskas.
- COUNTRYAAH: Do you know where is Luxembourg on the world map? Come to see the location and all bordering countries of Luxembourg.
On May 1, 2004, along with nine other Eastern and Central European countries, the country was admitted to the EU.
At the June presidential election, Valdas Adamkus was elected president with 52.2% of the vote, against Kazimiera Prunskiene who got 47.8%.
In November, the country became the first to ratify the new EU constitution. In May 2005, President Adamkus rejected an invitation from Moscow to attend the celebrations around the 60th anniversary of the end of World War II. In June 2005, the leader of the Labor Party, Viktor Uspaskich, resigned from the post of finance minister after it was revealed that his ministry was involved in corruption. Despite the scandal, his party remained in the government coalition. The government’s former finance minister, Algirdas Butkevicius, had to step down from the post in April following disagreements around the Finance Act.
In September, a Russian fighter plane crashed into Lithuanian territory. It carried at least 4 missiles. The incident led to a deterioration in relations between Vilnius and Moscow. Only when investigation made it clear that the cause of the crash was technical and human error did the relationship between the two countries normalize again. The pilot, who had been arrested in Lithuania, was released and could return to Russia.
History. – Luxembourg life remained characterized by political stability, which resisted in the early postwar years and during the economic reconstruction. As a consequence of the elections of June 1951, the socialist and liberal increase did not substantially affect the relative majority positions of the Christian-socialists. From the constitution of the Dupong cabinet, replaced in 1953 by Joseph Bech, who also remained foreign minister, until December 1958, the grand duchy was governed by the coalition between Christian-socialists and socialists. The coalition was also reconstituted after the elections of May 1954, which saw the Christian-social at an advantage.
However, the coalition wore out, above all as a result of the economic depression of the years 1957-58 and the coal crisis, the dissensions between socialists and Catholics in the formulation of economic and social policy manifested more vividly. The crisis came in December 1958 with the dissolution of Parliament and the calling of new elections. The consultation of February 1959 gave the liberals considerable success, facilitating the formation of a right-wing coalition between Christian-social and liberals, chaired by Pierre Werner. Bech left the ministerial team after having been foreign minister for 33 years. Luxembourg’s foreign policy was distinctly and constantly Westernist, with participation in the Atlantic alliance, the WEU.