The defense encompasses (2006) 24,000 men enlisted and is organized into four brigades, four patrol boats, 30 fighter jets and 15 armed helicopters. Semi-military security forces amount to 5,000 men. The material is of varying older western origin. Defense costs have decreased from 3.1 to 1.7% of GDP in 1985-2006.
Kenya participates in peacekeeping operations in Burundi (ONUB) and Eritrea/Ethiopia (UNMEE) as well as with observers in seven countries. The UK has 20 people stationed in Kenya. To see related acronyms about this country, please check ABBREVIATIONFINDER where you can see that KEN stands for Kenya.
After all, under these conditions, a high degree of political stability nevertheless existed, this was due to many conditions. A considerable class of medium-sized farmers had emerged, and there were long-term expectations of continued growth. Groups within the administration, the political apparatus – not least locally – and in business have all had a common interest in preserving the basic features of society. Conflicts with Uganda and Somalia created a certain national unity, and were also the starting point for reconstruction with modern military equipment from, among other things. USA. Before then, Kenya had entered into the formation of an East African Common Market in 1967 with Uganda and Tanzania.but after the conflicts with Uganda and because of the differences between Kenya’s and Tanzania’s economic policies, the experiment finally collapsed in 1977.
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When “peace and order” prevailed for a long time, this was also related to the fact that the trade union movement was involved in the state apparatus. The KANU ruling party was practically dead and all forms of opposition were severely beaten. Under the leadership of former Vice President Oginga Odinga, the Kenya Peoples Union (KPU) gathered some progressive-populist support, but the party was banned in 1969. In 1975/76, a number of critical people within KANU and Parliament were murdered (JM Kariuiki), imprisoned, interned or pushed aside. This coincided with an economic crisis, with a decline in gross domestic product per share. population, rising unemployment and social power.
1978 Exit Kenyatta
Higher coffee prices, along with significant transfers from the World Bank and Western aid organizations, led to a somewhat dampened economic crisis towards the late 1970s. When Kenyatta died in August 1978 – aged 85 – he was succeeded by Daniel Arap Moi and Mwai Kibaki respectively. president and vice president. On the surface, this might appear to imply a new stabilization with a more streamlined facade and a few minor reforms, but the reality became another. Moi ruled temporarily during the September-November period when elections were held. The KANU ruling party was the only one allowed to participate and Moi was elected president.
In early 79, President Moi issued amnesty to the country’s political prisoners and launched a campaign against corruption. The government’s first move pointed to the desire to pursue a technocratic line without tolerating radical changes in the country’s structures. Among the technocrats, Charles Njonjo began to excel. In June 80 he was appointed Minister of the Interior.
Njonjo played a leading role in the dissolution of the ethnic organizations that have emerged in the country since the early 70s. The largest of these – GEMA (the association of Kikuyuer, Embuer and Meruer) – was led by a businessman and millionaire. It became a powerful instrument of power for the ethnic leaders who enriched themselves with business with North Americans and Englishmen. GEMA opposed the appointment of Moi as president and was indirectly involved in a conspiracy aimed at murdering the entire government after the death of Jomo Kenyatta.
Maize production dropped abruptly, as did other basic foods. The reasons were partly drought and partly changes in production. With loans from multinational companies, Kenyan farmers began growing sugar cane, coffee, tea and flowers. All export production exported under the control of North American and European companies. The consequence of the food shortage was that the government was forced to import significant quantities of corn and wheat from the United States and South Africa.
The problems forced President Moi to seek reconciliation with his old political rivals, otherwise eliminated from political life. The operation aimed to neutralize the development of possible opposition pockets at this moment of considerable instability. One of the politicians who benefited most from the reconciliation policy was former Vice President Oginga Odinga. The nationalist politician had broken with Jomo Kenyatta as early as 1971 after criticizing KANU’s reconciliation policy. Odinga subsequently became politically banned. After 10 years of band listing, he returned to Parliament at the end of 81.