In 2010, seven years after the 2003 war with the US-led coalition, the national unity in Iraq under an elected government was formally established. In November 2008, two key agreements between Iraq and the US were signed, which meant that the US gradually reduced its presence, while Iraqi army and police forces took over responsibility for the country’s security. In December 2011, the last of the US military forces left the country.
The build-up of Iraq’s armed forces only affects the armed forces. To see related acronyms about this country, please check ABBREVIATIONFINDER where you can see that IRQ stands for Iraq. Security forces and police forces are organized by the Ministry of the Interior. Both organizations are joined by a special staff under the Prime Minister, who is commander-in-chief. The takeover of power takes place region by region depending on the security situation. One problem is that different centers of power fight each other under the relatively weak government.
Three factors are identified as special problem areas. The officer corps consists of approximately 70 percent of former employees in Saddam Hussein’s army with its Soviet-inspired spirit. Corruption is significant; one quarter of the remuneration is judged not to be handled properly. There are also religious positions and controversies that affect the armed forces and security forces.
- COUNTRYAAH: Do you know where is Iraq on the world map? Come to see the location and all bordering countries of Iraq.
The international efforts of the UN and other agencies have been stepped down, but observers and security specialists from a large number of countries remain.
Back in history, Iraq had a friendship and cooperation agreement with the Soviet Union from 1972 which was renewed in 1978, but the country was not supported by the Soviet Union during the Kuwait War in 1991. From being a military superpower with pronounced offensive ability, after the Kuwaiti war, a severely weakened Iraq remained. Despite this, liberation processes from Kurds in the north and Shiite Muslims in the south were beaten down in the summer of 1991.
During the 1991 war, Iraq lost over 3,000 tanks, almost all of its fleet and just over 135 fighters. Military equipment was procured from a large number of countries, mainly the Soviet Union/Russian Federation but also from France and Italy. The UN’s formal ceasefire regulations demanded that Iraq report its weapons of mass destruction and destroy them. In 1992, 800 tons of chemical weapons and about 50 missiles with more than 900 km range were reported.
In 1996, UN envoy Rolf Ek谷us reported that Iraq was hiding chemical and biological weapons and had access to between 6 and 16 missiles. During the fall of 2002 and spring of 2003, Hans Blix, the UN envoy in Iraq, worked intensively on the issue. He was not entirely sure that there were no weapons of mass destruction or production capacity. This issue of importance for the outbreak of war was the subject of debate both in the UN and in several governments concerned, but the general position today is that there were no weapons of mass destruction.
After the Kuwaiti War, up to the 2003 war, the regular defense covered 390,000 men and was based on general military duty. The 2003 war actions were carried out at a very high pace and in such a way that the defender’s ability was paralyzed at an early stage. To this may be added that a large part of Iraq’s airstrikes during the fighting was transferred to Iran. The material destruction was considerably less in 2003 than in 1991, despite the fact that the capital Baghdad was taken by ground combat associations. This new form of strategy is called by the United States for EBO (Effects Based Operations). In April 2003, Iraq was occupied by the US-led coalition, and on May 23, Iraq’s defense force dissolved.
Iraq’s defense includes (2010) 578,000 people focused on creating internal and to some extent external security. The army, 186,000 men, is gradually being built up and comprises 11 divisions equipped with older Soviet equipment but with an increased element of American and other Western equipment, mainly for protected personnel transport. The Navy, 2,000 men with 38 small patrol boats, as well as the Air Force, 3,000 men with light aircraft and some 40 helicopters, have surveillance duties. The Ministry of the Interior has over 386,000 people, of which 305,000 are for intervention, rescue, border protection and personal protection, including monitoring of roads and other communications. The police have over 82,000 men.
At the end of 2016, DKK 3.1 million was $ 9 million. internally displaced in their own country as a result of the conflicts.
IS was first defeated and Mosul was liberated in July 2017. The fighting cost over 10,000 kills, including several thousand civilians, but while the West had led a propaganda campaign in the fall of 2016 under the slogan “Aleppo bleeds”, care was absent during the fighting for Mosul, where civilian casualties was 10 times higher. Following the inauguration of Donald Trump as President of the United States in January 2017, the US bombings escalated and now without any consideration for the civilian population. A single bombing in April cost more than 220 Iraqi civilians.
The US and its allies (including Denmark’s) bombings in Iraq during the period 2014-17 cost thousands of civilian lives. At the same time, the coalition laid down a total blur over those guilty of the war crimes. Among other things. on Danish request. Since 2002, Denmark had carried out the bombings other countries’ air force would not carry out because it would cost civilian casualties. This was the case in Afghanistan, Iraq and in 2011 in Libya. In 2014 asked Denmark as a condition of participation in the US air war that the nationality of the aircraft that carried each bombing not published. The country did not want its own war crimes documented. In November 2017, the NGO Airwars estimated that at least5,961 civilians had been killed during the bombings since 2014. The United States Command commanded a civilian casualty figure of 4! It is assumed that Denmark was guilty of a significant part of the war crimes, as the country has historically accounted for the attacks where there was a risk of civilian casualties.
The liberation of Mosul and several other major cities from IS in 2017 did not pave the way for peace in Iraq. Iraqi Sunni-dominated cities were shattered after the fighting, and many cities were under total control of Shia militias. The basis was thus created for new conflicts in the country. Foreign journalists reported systematic killings of captured men. The Iraqi soldiers thus continued the practice they had learned from the United States, Britain, Denmark and the other rogue states that in 2003 were behind the occupation of Iraq. (After the release of Mosul, an orgy of killing, Guardian 21/11 2017)
In December, the London High Court ruled that British soldiers in Iraq had violated the 4th Geneva Convention by mistreatment and degrading treatment of civilian Iraqi prisoners of war during the British occupation of Iraq in the ’00s. 4 Iraqis had filed suit against the British military, and in addition to being right they were awarded £ 84,000 in damages. The ruling fell 10 days after the ICC prosecutor’s officehad declared that there was sufficient evidence that British soldiers had committed war crimes against civilian Iraqis. It was a trial. Compensation cases from 628 other Iraqis were under way, while 331 cases were settled to pay compensation. The course in the UK deviated strongly from Denmark, with the “judiciary” completely square in support of the Ministry of Defense’s claim that Danish prisoners of war had been treated in accordance with the Geneva Conventions. (British troops breached Geneva conventions in Iraq, high court rules, Guardian 14/12 2017)