Greece is a country located in the Southern Europe. With a population of around 11 million people, it is one of the most populous countries in the region. Greece is a parliamentary republic and its military consists of three branches: the Hellenic Army, Navy and Air Force. The Hellenic Armed Forces are responsible for defending the country’s borders and sovereignty, as well as providing security to its citizens. In terms of defense spending, Greece spends approximately $3 billion annually on its military, making it one of the highest defense spending nations in Europe. The country also participates in several United Nations (UN) peacekeeping missions such as those in Lebanon and Cyprus. Greece is also a member of both the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and European Union (EU), and has close ties with other NATO members such as France and Turkey. See naturegnosis to learn more about the country of Greece.
The defense is based on NATO membership. In 1990, Greece’s defense was reorganized, and the rights of the United States to have larger bases in the country were extended. To see related acronyms about this country, please check ABBREVIATIONFINDER where you can see that GRC stands for Greece. The defense covers (2005) 165,000 men with 325,000 men in reserve and is based on general defense with an initial service of up to 14 months. It is organized into an army of 110,000 men, 310,000 men fully staffed, with 17 brigades, five of which are independent and a parachute division. The Navy comprises 19,000 men, 43,000 men fully manned, with 13 submarines, about 18 fighters/frigates and about 40 patrol vessels.
The Air Force has 23,000 men, 55,000 men fully staffed, with 285 fighter aircraft, preferably Mirage and F-16. The National Guard covers 35,000 reservists. In addition, Greece has coastguard forces of 4,000 men with 100 guard boats. Defense costs (2005) amount to 2.1% of GDP. Greece has a mechanized brigade and adviser, a total of 1,150 men, located in Cyprus and participates in a number of international efforts, including in Bosnia and Herzegovina (200 men) and in Serbia and Montenegro (1,700 men). The US has two smaller naval bases and an air base in Greece.
Greece is a member of NATO. There is a general military duty for men (and voluntary service for women) from the age of 18; the initial service is up to 9 months for the Army and 12 months for the Air Force and Navy. The total force figures for Greece’s armed forces are 142,350 active personnel, a reserve of 220,500 personnel, and in addition 4000 semi-military in the Coast Guard and Customs (2018, IISS).
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The army has a strength of 93,500 active personnel, including 45,000 conscripts. Heavy materials include 1328 tanks (353 Leopard 2, 500 Leopard 1, 100 M60 and 375 M48), 398 BMP-1 storm tanks and 2407 armored personnel vehicles, of which 2108 M113 or variants. The Army also has 18 light transport aircraft and 168 helicopters, of which 28 are combat helicopters of the Apache type, and four medium- duty drones.
The Air Force has a strength of 21,000 active personnel, including 2,200 conscripts. Materials include 231 fighter aircraft (34 Phantom II, 155 F-16 and 42 Mirage 2000), four AEW aircraft, 26 transport aircraft, 31 helicopters and 91 training aircraft.
The Navy has a strength of 16 250 active personnel, of which 2050 conscripts. The fleet comprises 11 submarines, 13 frigates, of which four are MEKO 200 (3200 tonnes) and nine of the Dutch Kortenaer class (3800 tonnes), five corvettes, 28 patrol vessels (four of which are Norwegian Nasty class), four minesweepers, 20 landing craft, 25 logistics and auxiliary vessels, five Orion patrol aircraft (in circulation) and 18 helicopters.
Greece participated in 2018, including NATO operations in Afghanistan (Operation Resolute Support) with five personnel, and in Serbia (KFOR) with 116 personnel.
Greece also participated in the UN operation in Lebanon (UNIFIL) with 148 personnel and a frigate.
The Greek army has a presence in Cyprus with 1150 personnel, 61 tanks, as well as armored personnel vehicles and artillery.
Athens has a temperate climate with mild winters and dry, hot summers. Heat waves occur when the “livas” wind brings warm air from the Sahara; On the contrary, in July-August the “melt chemistry” brings fresh air from the north. Rainfall occurs in the winter months, but the rainfall is one of the lowest in the country.
The structure of the city
The cityscape is dominated by the ancient city’s limestone mounds, first and foremost the Acropolis (156 m), but also the Nymphs ‘High, the Muses’ High, Pnyx, the Agora Hill and Areopagos immediately west of it.
Modern Athens is a monotonous and densely built concrete city with straight, narrow streets dominated by lively trade and many small grocery and specialty shops.
The older and renovated part of the city center, Plaka, with among others. The Danish Institute, located just northeast of the Acropolis and is characterized by neoclassical houses, taverns, exclusive residential areas and the exciting, revived craft and market area Monastiraki. Here you will find bazaar-like streets characterized by specialty shops and a flea market.
Between Sintagma Square and Omonia Square are among other things. the university, the academy and the national library, designed by the Danish architect brothers Christian and Theophilus Hansen. The newer part with modern business center is further north and around Kolonaki Square to the northeast. The building here is a mix of office and residential buildings in concrete and large, beautifully renovated neoclassical buildings that often house banks and public institutions.
Athens Latin Quarter is located in the Exarchia area northeast of the city center. a technical university. Behind the Pantheon Stadium southeast of the city center, where the first modern Olympic Games were held in 1896, lies the quiet artist district of Mets.
Rich suburbs such as Kifisia and Ekali and new middle class neighborhoods such as Chalandri and Melissia are located on the northern outskirts of Athens. Along the coast of the Saronic Gulf are green residential areas, such as Glyfada and Voula.
The older industrial area lies parallel to the old main street between Athens and Piraeus southwest of the center; the newer ones like Votanikos and Peristeri are found in the western part of the city, west of the railway line and north of Piraeus.
Athens has only a few green areas; in the center is the National Park with the Parliament building at Sintagma Square and the adjacent meeting and exhibition center Zappio.
The Panathenic Stadium at the green Ardittoshøj and Athens’ first cemetery constitute small oases. With its 275 m, the Likavittos mound clearly emerges northeast of the center. Most parks provide a framework for annually recurring political-cultural summer festivals, including the Singroulunden, the university’s campus in Zografou and the shooting range in Kesariani as well as the Áreosparken north of the National Museum.