The defense encompasses (2009) 4,700 men enlisted and is organized into 9 companies, 9 patrol vessels, 1 landing craft, 14 fighter aircraft and 5 armed helicopters. Semi-military security forces amount to 42,000 men. The material is of Western origin. To see related acronyms about this country, please check ABBREVIATIONFINDER where you can see that GAB stands for Gabon.
Defense costs decreased in 1985–2007 from 1.8% to 1.5% of GDP. France has an amphibious battalion of 600 men stationed in Gabon. The UN peacekeeping efforts consist of observers from the Central African Republic and Sudan.
Libreville, the capital of the central African state of Gabon; approximately 797,000 (2012), which is over 40% of the population in the country. The city’s port has timber and agricultural products (cocoa, rubber and palm oil), but a lot of traffic is now over the deep water port Owendo 15 km SE of Libreville, which is the terminus of the Transgabonese railway. After a modernization in the 1970’s, the city has a certain European feel. There was also an expansion of the industry, and there is a timber and food industry as well as a shipyard. Libreville is, however, first and foremost Gabon’s political, administrative and economic center. with a substantial French minority and offices for the country’s many foreign companies. The city also houses the University of Gabon.
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The French built a fort on the site in 1843, and in 1849 a settlement of freed slaves as well as a number of villages in the area was named Libreville. The city has been the capital of French Congo, French Equatorial Africa and from 1960 in Gabon.