Estonia is a small European nation located in the Baltic region. With a population of around 1,312,442 people, it is one of the least populous countries in the region. Estonia is a parliamentary republic and its military consists of three branches: the Estonian Defense Forces, Police and Border Guard Board, and Volunteer Defense League. The Estonian Defense Forces are responsible for defending the country’s borders and sovereignty, as well as providing security to its citizens. In terms of defense spending, Estonia spends approximately $501 million annually on its military, making it one of the highest defense spending nations in Europe. The country also participates in several NATO-led peacekeeping missions such as those in Afghanistan and Kosovo. Estonia is also a member of both the European Union (EU) and Nordic Council, and has close ties with other Nordic countries such as Finland and Sweden. See naturegnosis to learn more about the country of Estonia.
The 2004 defense is based on selective military duty with an initial service of eight months and comprises about 5,500 men. In 1996, Estonia adopted a four-year plan with a new doctrine based on future NATO membership. The defense is organized with five infantry battalions, three patrol boats and a semi-military Border Guard unit comprising 2,600 men organized in a regiment. Estonia has no fighter aircraft. To see related acronyms about this country, please check ABBREVIATIONFINDER where you can see that EST stands for Estonia. The reserves amount to 24,000 people.
Estonia aims to militarily protect its own territory and its borders. A cooperation agreement with the other Baltic states was signed in 1996 with the aim of coordinating border surveillance of the countries’ eastern borders. A coherent maritime surveillance system along all the three Baltic states has been established, including Swedish aid. After all, lack of financial resources, voluntary, educated staff and competing societal needs with regard to conscience-related young men limit the growth rate of the defense structure.
Estonia, like other Baltic states, applied for membership in NATO in 1997 and became a member in 2004. Defense spending in 1996 amounted to 2.4% of GDP and in 2001 had decreased to 1.2%. Estonia participates in UN peacekeeping efforts, including by joining Swedish UN unions in the long term to build up their own competence.
- COUNTRYAAH: Do you know where is Estonia on the world map? Come to see the location and all bordering countries of Estonia.
Tallinn, ty. and so on. Reval, the capital of Estonia, located on the Gulf of Finland; 426,500 (2013), of which 54% are Estonians and 37% are Russian speakers.
Tallinn’s Old Town is characterized by the city’s medieval history. In the lower part of the city center is the town hall square, which with the town hall from 1300-t. has been a center of business, as well as the Holy Spirit Church with Bernt Notke’s famous altarpiece (c. 1485), St. Nicholas Church (1200-1400-t.) and St. Olav’s Church (first mentioned 1267), whose 124 m high spire is the city’s landmarks. Other popular tourist destinations are the Dominican Monastery (1246) and the Cannon Tower (1457). The old part of the old town is surrounded by a ring wall and towers from the late Middle Ages, built with bastions from the Swedish era. Here lies, among other things. the cathedral, founded immediately after the Danish conquest and through time used as a burial church, as well as the parliament building opposite the Orthodox Alexander Nevsky Cathedral from the 1890’s. The old town is occupied by UNESCO World Heritage List.
Finnish architects have erected several of the city’s newer buildings, among others. theater and concert hall Estonia (1910-13 by Armas Lindgren, 1874-1929). The ferry port, Vanasadam, with traffic connections to Helsinki, Mariehamn, Stockholm and Skt. Petersburg is a few hundred meters from the old city.
East of the center facing the Gulf of Tallinn is the Kadriorg Park with the presidential residence and a baroque castle built in the 1720’s for Peter the Great; Here also lies the mighty Song Festival Stand (1960). Tallinn Technical University (founded 1918; 13,500 students) is growing. Following Estonia’s regained independence in 1991, Tallinn is the dynamic center of the country’s business development and greatly increased international contact. More than half of the country’s GDP is generated here, with 76% of foreign investment (2004). In 2011, the city was European Capital of Culture together with Turku.
The place was already known in ancient times as a port and commercial center. The town, first mentioned 1154, was conquered in 1219 by Valdemar Victory, who in 1248 introduced Libyan law. In 1285 it became a member of the Hanseatic League. At Estonia’s sale in 1346, Tallinn went to the German Order. The city was under Sweden from 1561 until it was conquered by Russia in 1710 during the Great Nordic War. During the 1700-t. it became an important Russian port city and sea fortress.
With the beginning of industrial development in the late 1800’s. the city got a financial recovery. After becoming the center of the Russian government of Estonia, Tallinn became the capital of independent Estonia in 1918-40 and after the annexation the capital of the Soviet Republic of the same name. Tallinn was occupied by the Germans 1941-44; In March 1944, more than 1/3 of the city destroyed during the Soviet bombings. In 1991, the city again became the capital of an independent Estonia.