The military forces of the Liberty War during the 1990s have been divided between Eritrea and Ethiopia and reorganized into a military defense with 16 months of first service. To see related acronyms about this country, please check ABBREVIATIONFINDER where you can see that ERI stands for Eritrea. In recent years, the border conflict between the countries has escalated and (2008) does not appear to reach a solution in the near future. Compare Eritrea (State and Politics).
The defense (2008) comprises about 200,000 men with about 120,000 men in reserve. It is organized in an army of about 200,000 men with about 20 divisions, a naval defense of 1,400 men with 13 patrol boats and an air force of 350 men with 18 fighter aircraft. The material is older, with elements of modern material, and of Soviet/Russian origin.
Defense costs fell from 7.5% to 6.3% of GDP in 1996-2005. Two armed opposition groups, the Alliance of Eritrean National Forces (AENF) and the EIJM (Eritrean Islamic Jihad Movement), have a total of about 3,500 people operating within Eritrea. The UN has a military force (UNMEE) on the border with Ethiopia with observers from 43 nations and with troops from India, Jordan and Kenya.
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