After the 1992 peace agreement, the defense has been greatly reduced. It is based on selective military duty with an initial service of 18 months and (2009) comprises about 16,000 men, with 9,900 men in reserve. It is organized into 6 independent brigades, 39 patrol boats, 19 fighter planes and 22 armed helicopters. Half-military police forces amount to 17,000 men. The material is semi-modern and of Western origin. To see related acronyms about this country, please check ABBREVIATIONFINDER where you can see that SLV stands for El Salvador.
Defense costs rose from 4.4% to 4.8% of GDP in 1985-2007. El Salvador participates in the UN peacekeeping operations in Iraq (MNF) and with observers in Ivory Coast (UNOCI), Lebanon (UNIFIL), Liberia (UNMIL), Sudan (UNMIS) and Western Sahara (MINURSO). The US has an advanced staff unit of about 20 men in the country.
A riot in the La Esperanza prison in San Salvador in August left 31 killed and dozens injured. The outbreak broke out when members of the gang Mara 18 went on the attack on ordinary criminals in prison with bank, knives and homemade grenades. La Esperanza was built to house 800 prisoners, but now houses 3,000. It is the main cause of the frequent riots in the prison. The government and prison authorities promised to transfer the Mara 18 prisoners to other prisons in the country.
- COUNTRYAAH: Do you know where is El Salvador on the world map? Come to see the location and all bordering countries of El Salvador.
Hurricane Stan, which hit Guatemala in October 2005, hit hard to reach El Salvador. Still, it had the strength to cost 25 lives and cause damage to millions. President Saca put the country in national emergency, and a larger network both inside and outside the country set in motion to help the victims of the hurricane. Several thousands were evacuated and emergency supplies of food and medicine were set in motion.
FMLN’s chairman, Schafik Handal, died in January 2006 at Ilopango Airport when he returned from a visit to Bolivia. The death was surrounded by mysterious circumstances, and parts of the FMLN demanded an in-depth investigation into the cause of the death.
On March 1, the El Salvador-US Free Trade Agreement entered into force. The agreement became possible only after El Salvador made a number of changes to its legislation and import/export regulation. The day before, street vendors, students and workers staged a giant demonstration in San Salvador against the deal, as per. they were only for the benefit of the nation’s citizens and large corporations.
On March 12, 2006, parliamentary and municipal elections were held, as well as the election of members to the Central American Parliament. The election was historic because for the first time the FMLN became El Salvador’s largest party. It got 784,894 votes in the parliamentary elections against ARENA’s 783,208. Yet, because of the electoral system, it did not provide the largest number of seats in the new parliament. FMLN got 32 and ARENA 34. The remaining 18 seats were distributed on PCN, PDC and CD with 10, 6 and 2 respectively. In the municipal elections, FMLN won the mayor post in 59 out of the country’s 262 municipalities. Due. however, the difference in municipal size will mean that the FMLN will rule in municipalities with a total of 42% of the country’s residents, while in the ARENA-led municipalities only 36% live. The greatest excitement was around the mayor’s post in the capital, San Salvador. ARENA tried here on election night to steal the post by proclaiming himself victorious, but it failed and the post ended up going to FMLN candidate, Violeta Menjívar. The FMLN has been in this position since 1997. The FMLN accused ARENA of having used state funds in its election campaign and to have garnered support in the United States.
A few days after the election, Venezuela signed an agreement with a number of municipalities led by FMLN to supply cheap energy. The agreement established a joint venture between the Petróleos de Venezuela (PDVSA) and the Asociación Intermunicipal de Energía de El Salvador (ENEPASA). “, Venezuela’s President Hugo Chávez declared at the signing of the agreement and continued,” but they have not done so because there are governments in this area who still believe in the American dream. “