The defense includes (2009) a standing army force of 500 men and a police force of 500 men. Defense costs amount to 2.8% of GDP. France has a small military representation in the Comoros, and the African Union assists the country with 470 men from Sudan, Tanzania and Senegal as peacekeeping efforts. To see related acronyms about this country, please check ABBREVIATIONFINDER where you can see that COM stands for Comoros.
Moroni, capital of the Comoros NV for Madagascar; 81,300 residents (2013). The city is located on the west side of Grande Comore (Njazidja) and has a well-preserved medieval core with Arabic-style building culture. Moroni spreads aimlessly along the coast; here lies, among other things. newer neighborhoods with the state administration. The city has an airport, but no deep water port, and unloading from anchored ships takes place by barges. Poorly developed infrastructure, poor water supply and lack of waste disposal have created major health problems.
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The Union of the Comoros is a small island state in East Africa, located between Madagascar and Mozambique. The Union includes three islands, Grande Comore, Anjouan and Mohéli, which have gained independence from France since 1975. The nearby Mayotte archipelago has been a French overseas department since 2011, since in 1976, through a referendum, its residents they chose to remain under French sovereignty. The Union of the Comoros has nevertheless maintained a close link with the former colonial power, also because the convertibility of the Comorian franc is guaranteed by the French treasury. The Comoros are expanding their trade and diplomatic relations, strengthening ties with the Middle East, Iran, China and the United States. With this in mind, in 2012, the country has joined the Indian Ocean Shore Association for Regional Cooperation. The links with the Middle East also have historical and cultural roots: 95% of the Union’s population is Muslim, largely Sunni, Arabic is the official language, and the legal system is based on the coexistence of French and Islamic legislation.
The country has been characterized by strong political instability since the acquisition of independence. Also due to numerous coups d’etat, the Union now has a federal structure that provides for the rotation of the presidency, assigned from time to time to one of the three islands every four years. In May 2009, a constitutional reform was passed which increased the powers of the federal government. The election in 2011 of the current president Dhoinine, the first since independence to come from the island of Mohéli, ushered in a period of greater stability, which however risked being interrupted in April 2013, when an attempt to coup d’état in which former Comorian soldiers and French mercenaries were allegedly involved. The parliamentary elections of February 2015 went without incident and saw the strengthening of the president’s party. The human development index of the Union of the Comoros is rather low (159 ° out of 188) and reflects a situation of considerable backwardness even if some progress has been made in recent years. The country ranks first for women’s rights among members of the Arab League.
In 2012, the Comoros benefited from a debt relief from the International Monetary Fund in exchange for which the government committed itself to improving the country’s economic attractiveness and initiating structural reforms. The Comorian economy is mainly based on agriculture (34.5% of GDP in 2014, the main exported products are vanilla, cloves and ylang-ylang, an essence used for the production of perfumes). The scarcity of arable land makes the Comoros extremely dependent on imports, especially rice (in 2013 the Comoros signed an agreement with Vietnam that fully satisfies domestic demand), and the low differentiation of agricultural production exposes them to price fluctuations on the world market. The main imported good is oil, even though the government is launching a major innovative energy production and distribution program. Remittances and international aid remain fundamental.