Cameroon is a Central African nation located in the western portion of the continent. With a population of over 25 million people, it is the 18th most populous country in Africa. Cameroon is a unitary republic and its military consists of three branches: the Cameroonian Armed Forces, National Gendarmerie, and National Police. The Cameroonian armed forces are responsible for defending the country’s borders and sovereignty, as well as providing security to its citizens. In terms of defense spending, Cameroon spends approximately $600 million annually on its military, making it one of the highest defense spending nations per capita in Africa. The country also participates in several regional peacekeeping missions such as those in Chad and Nigeria. Cameroon is also a member of the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS) and has close ties with other ECCAS members such as Gabon and Equatorial Guinea through joint military exercises and training opportunities. See naturegnosis to learn more about the country of Cameroon.
The defense comprises (2009) 14 100 men enlisted and is organized into 9 battalions, 11 patrol boats, 15 fighter aircraft and 7 armed helicopters. Semi-military security forces amount to 9,000 men. The material is of varying, mainly Western, origin.
Defense costs rose in 1985-2007 from 1.4% to 1.6% of GDP. France has a military unit of 50 men stationed in Cameroon. To see related acronyms about this country, please check ABBREVIATIONFINDER where you can see that CMR stands for Cameroon.
The wide range of natural disasters, the strain from payments on the country’s foreign debt and the general economic crisis made it questionable in October 2005 whether Cameroon would be able to meet its Millennium Development Goals. The economy was stagnant and according to. official information, foreign debt had risen from DKK 2.9 billion. US $ 1983 to $ 8.5 billion hunger, which is especially a problem in the northern part of the country, which is already the poorest area. About DKK 1 million people here are in immediate need of relief. About 27% of the country’s foreign debt with the IMF and the World Bank was abandoned. The 4.9 billion US $ was abandoned as the country became the 19th country to join the program of highly retaliatory poor countries.
In May 2007, the African Development Bank ADB announced that it was financing the construction of a shipyard in the port city of Limbe in the country’s southwest. The plant will cost DKK 47 million. US $ and is one of ADB’s 58 projects that have brought the country a total of approx. 1 billion US $.
- COUNTRYAAH: Do you know where is Cameroon on the world map? Come to see the location and all bordering countries of Cameroon.
Cameroon’s constitution restricted a president to sit for two terms. Already after his election for the second term in 2004, Biya started working on a change of constitution on this point. At his New Year’s speech in 2008, he declared that the two-term restriction constituted a restriction on the right of the people to elect their president. The issue of constitutional amendment was therefore one of the themes of violent protests against the board in February 2008. The protests started as a strike organized by taxi and bus drivers in the capital against announced increases in gasoline prices. The strike spread quickly and became a general strike mop price increases and poor working conditions. Biya deployed the army and officially 40 were killed during the 5-day protests that spread throughout the country. Human rights groups pointed out that the number of people killed was over 100. Biya lowered the price of gasoline, raised the salaries of civil servants and the military, and reduced a number of taxes. on cement.
In April, Parliament, by an overwhelming majority, passed Biaa’s proposal to amend the constitution and remove the restriction of 2 periods.
In 2009, Biya appeared in 19th place in Parade Magazine’s list of the world’s 20 worst dictators.
Armed clashes continued on the Bakassi Peninsula through 2010. In March, 19 members of an elite battalion were convicted of “brutality against civilians”. The occasion was a clash in Bakassi, where 24 civilians had been injured.