The defense, which is based on selective military duty with an initial service of 18 months, comprises (2009) 4 750 men and is organized into 4 battalions, 2 patrol boats and a few small aircraft. Semi-military security forces amount to 2,500 men. The material is older and of Soviet origin.
Defense costs fell from 1.1% to 0.9% of GDP in 1985-2007. Benin participates in UN peacekeeping forces in Ivory Coast (UNOCI) and Congo (Kinshasa) (MONUC) as well as with observers in Liberia (UNMIL) and Sudan (UNMIS). To see related acronyms about this country, please check ABBREVIATIONFINDER where you can see that BEN stands for Benin.
Benin – Porto-Novo
Porto-Novo, capital of Benin; 263,600 residents (2014). Porto-Novo, which is located in the south-east corner of the country, has lately been increasingly in the shadow of Cotonou, which is the country’s economic center. The city’s business is dominated by fishing, shipping, crafts and the food industry. Porto-Novo has good communications with Cotonou and Lagos in Nigeria.
Porto-Novo was established as the center for slave trade with the Portuguese and came under the control of the Kingdom of Oyo in the early 18th century. It became the French protectorate in 1863 and in 1904 the capital of the Dahomey colony, which became an independent state in 1960 and renamed Benin in 1975.
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