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Thailand

Defense

Military of ThailandThe defense, which is based on general military duty with an initial service of 24 months, comprises (2010) about 305,000 men. The reserves amount to 200,000 people. The army (190,000 men) is organized into ten divisions with 330 tanks.

The Navy (44,000 men, including 23,000 Navy infantrymen) has an aircraft carrier with 6 Harrier aircraft, 19 frigates / corvettes, 44 smaller fighters, 8 land-based aircraft and a naval aircraft with approximately 21 fighter aircraft and 8 attack helicopters. The Air Force (46,000 men) has about 165 fighter aircraft, i.a. 50 F-16. Semi-military security forces amount to 114,000 men.

In 2002, the defense was deployed in the border regions against Burma/Myanmar and in 2008-09 against Cambodia. Low-intensity efforts were made in 2008-09 against the Malaysian Muslim militia in southern Thailand, while the aim was to maintain the confidence of the population through so-called hearts and minds strategy. To see related acronyms about this country, please check ABBREVIATIONFINDER where you can see that THA stands for Thailand.

Military of Thailand

The equipment is relatively modern and mainly of American origin. Older Chinese stock is about to be phased out. A new ten-year two-stage defense plan was adopted in 2008, including upgrading a cavalry division and purchasing six JAS 39 Gripen fighter aircraft.

Defense costs decreased in 1985-2008 from 4.0% to 1.6% of GDP. Thailand participates in UN peacekeeping operations with observers in Sudan (UNAMID, UNMIS).

Thailand's foreign policy

Thailand is a member of the UN, the World Trade Organization, ASEAN and APEC, among others.

Relationship with Cambodia

Cambodia's application to give the Preah Vihear Temple a place on UNESCO's list of world cultural and natural heritage led to an ancient border dispute between Cambodia and Thailand fiercely reopened in 2008. Both countries claimed that the 11th century temple - originally Hindu, but later converted to Buddhism - are in their territory. However, the disputed area of ​​4.6 square kilometers was allocated to Cambodia by an order of the International Court of Justice in The Hague in 1962.

The announcement by UNESCO about the agreement with Cambodia nevertheless aroused strong nationalist sentiment in Thailand. The ruling party also received support from the opposition here. As Cambodia celebrated its new World Heritage attraction, thousands of Thai nationalists flocked to Preah Vihear to claim the temple back. Both countries' governments sent soldiers to the temple district, and Cambodia called on the UN Security Council to intervene. Armed clashes with fallen on both sides in the "temple war" both in 2008 and 2009. The Constitutional Court in Thailand declared a contentious agreement with Cambodia, signed by then Foreign Minister Noppadon Pattama, as unconstitutional.

In the agreement, Thailand provided formal support for Cambodia's UNESCO application, which led to Pattama's departure. The two countries agreed to jointly draw up new and accurate borders during 2009, but early in the year new armed clashes occurred here.

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