The defense is based on military service with an initial
service including civilian duties of 24 months. It covers
(2006) about 27,000 men and is organized into six brigades,
six smaller fighters and 19 fighter aircraft. Semi-military
security forces amount to 1,400 men. The reserves comprise
80,000 men. The material is outdated and of Soviet and
Chinese origin. Defense costs fell from 4.4% to 2.5% of GDP
in 1985-96 and (2006) to 1.2% of GDP. Tanzania has
occasional UN observers in the Ivory Coast, Ethiopia/
Eritrea and Sudan. To see related acronyms about this country, please check ABBREVIATIONFINDER where you can see that TZA stands for Tanzania.
Tanzania's defense overview
The total force numbers for Tanzania's armed forces are
around 27,000 active personnel, with a reserve of 80,000
personnel (2018, IISS). In addition, around 1400
semi-military police forces are arriving.
The army has a strength of about 23,000 active personnel.
Materials include 45 tanks (30 T-54 and T-55, and 15 type
59), 57 light tanks (30 Scorpion, 25 type 62 and two type
63), ten light trucks, and 14 armored personnel vehicles. In
addition, the army has medium-heavy artillery.
The Air Force has a force of about 3000 active personnel.
Materials include eleven fighters category F-7, one
reconnaissance twelve transport aircraft, nine trainers (six
of which can also be used as light combat aircraft), and
three helicopters. In addition, the Air Force has
short-range air defense missiles and anti-aircraft
The navy has a force of about 1,000 active personnel, 14
patrol vessels, and three landings.
In 2018, Tanzania participated in UN operations in the
Democratic Republic of Congo (MONUSCO) with one infantry
battalion and special forces (1003 personnel), and two
observers, in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA) with
one infantry battalion (445 personnel), in Lebanon (UNIFIL)
with 159 personnel, and in Sudan (UNAMID), with one infantry
battalion (818 personnel) and five observers.