According to Abbreviationfinder,
the defense of Sweden encompasses the civilian and military
defense, collectively referred to as the total defense.
Defense is one of the instruments of security policy. The
resources of the total defense must be able to contribute to
society's ability to deal with serious events and severe
stress in peace. Since World War II, the most important task
of the total defense has been to prevent, through sufficient
force and preparedness, from attacks against the country.
After all, if we were attacked, we could avert an invasion.
After the end of the Cold War and consequent upheavals in
Europe, the Riksdag 2000, 2001, 2004, 2009 and 2010 decided
on major changes. It was considered that Sweden's security
had been significantly strengthened with increasing European
integration, in particular through the Baltic States and
Poland's membership of the EU and NATO. At the same time,
other types of serious, cross-border threats to our security
arose. The new threats were due, among other things, to
regional conflicts, organized crime, proliferation of
weapons of mass destruction and terrorism. These threats
were assessed in a wider perspective than the national ones
and were considered to be best addressed through
international cooperation. The favorable development in our
surroundings enabled a reduction in the volume of the total
defense. In the years 2010–17, the provisions for carrying
out basic training with military service were not applied.
Instead, soldiers and sailors were recruited on a voluntary
basis to be employed as full-time or part-time personnel or
to be part of the home defense. However, the regulations
regarding military duty remained dormant.
In 2017, the government decided to reintroduce the
obligation to design and carry out basic education with
military service. The decision meant that the women and men
who were deemed suitable could be called to design and
enroll for basic education with military service. The first
basic education with conscription was started in 2018. The
individual's will to carry out conscription is an important
selection criterion. Prior to 2010, women were not covered
by the duty of military service. The woman who wanted to do
the military service had to voluntarily apply for a design
in order to carry out military service after enrollment
under the same conditions as the men. The four main tasks
are to defend Sweden against armed attacks, to assert our
territorial integrity, to contribute to peace and security
in the outside world and to strengthen Swedish society in
the face of severe pressure in peace.
In 2017, there were just over 50,000 women and men in the
Armed Forces, about half of whom were in the Home Guard. See
the Armed Forces and the Home Guard.
The civil defense is not an authority but encompasses all
the social functions required both in peace and in crises
and in war. Everyone who lives in Sweden and is between the
ages of 16 and 70 must, if necessary, participate in the
total defense in accordance with the law on total defense
obligation. A large number of citizens are affiliated with
one of the many voluntary defense organizations, which have
tasks in both civil and military defense. Since 2009, the
Civil Defense Coordination and Responsibility Authority has
been responsible for coordination within the civil defense.