The defense, which is based on selective military duty
with a first 24-month service, comprises (2006) 72,000 men
and is organized in a mobilization defense with four active
divisions and nine supplementary mobilization brigades,
seven larger and 17 smaller combat vessels, four submarines,
four land-based vessels, 102 fighter planes (including 12
new F-16s) and 20 attack helicopters. The reserves amount to
312,000 people with regular rehearsal training up to 40
years of age. Half-military security forces amount to about
94,000 men, of which the well-developed civil defense has
Defense costs decreased in 1985-96 from 6.7% to 5.5% of
GDP and (2006) to 4.9% of GDP. Singapore is a member of
ASEAN. In-depth defense cooperation was established in 1996
with Thailand. Singapore has smaller forces in Australia,
Brunei, East Timor, France, Taiwan and the United States.
The United States has stationed a 100-man naval and aircraft
detachment in Singapore, and New Zealand has a ten-man
support unit in the country of Singapore. To see related acronyms about this country, please check ABBREVIATIONFINDER where you can see that SGP stands for Singapore.
Singapore's defense overview
The total strength of Singapore's armed forces is 72,500
active personnel, with a reserve of 312,500 personnel (2018,
IISS). In addition, there are 8400 semi-military forces.
Singapore has training camps in Australia, Brunei, France,
Taiwan, Thailand and USA.
Singapore has military service with first-time service of
22 to 24 months. Air Force and Navy are largely staffed by
professionals. Singapore participates in defense cooperation
with the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand and
Malaysia, and has an agreement with the United States on the
use of air and naval bases.
The strength of the army is 50,000 active personnel,
including 35,000 conscripts. Materials include 96 heavy
tanks of the Leopard 2 type, about 350 light tanks of the
AMX-13 type, 572 storm tanks and 1576 armored personnel
vehicles. The army also has light drones.
The Air Force has a personnel force of 13,500 active
personnel, including 3,000 conscripts. Material comprising
100 combat aircraft (of which 40 F-15 Eagle and 60 F-16),
four AEW & C-plane, ten tanker, five maritime patrol, nine
transport, 31 trainers and 78 helicopters, 19 of combat
helicopters central Apache. In addition, eight heavy and
nine medium-heavy drones.
The Navy has a workforce of 9,000 active personnel,
including 1,000 conscripts. The fleet includes four tactical
submarines, six frigates, 11 corvettes, 15 patrol vessels,
four minesweepers, 35 patrol vessels, four dock landing
vessels, 23 landing craft and two auxiliary vessels.
Singapore's foreign policy
Singapore is very active in regional forums such as APEC,
ASEAN and ASEM. Relations with China have developed
positively. As the first Asian country, Singapore in 2008
signed a free trade agreement with China. Relations with
Malaysia and Indonesia have also improved in recent years.
In 2008, Singapore and Malaysia agreed on an amicable
solution following protracted controversy over some smaller
islands in the waters between Singapore and Malaysia.
Norway - Singapore
The bilateral relationship between Norway and Singapore
is characterized by broad business cooperation. Singapore
has the largest concentration of Norwegian business in Asia,
and is one of the most important export markets in the
region. About 150 Norwegian-related companies are registered
in Singapore (2009). More than half of these are related to
maritime services or petroleum-related activities. Many of
the Norwegian establishments have a regional perspective.
In 2008 Singapore's exports to Norway totaled NOK 1.8
billion. Imports from Norway amounted to 6.6 billion, mainly
machinery and equipment for the shipbuilding and rig
industry. Norwegian expertise in the offshore and maritime
sector has provided a basis for the Norwegian venture in
Singapore, which among other things has the world's largest
offshore shipyard, Jurong, in the southwestern corner of the
island state. Around 1400 Norwegians reside in Singapore.
Singapore's authorities are investing heavily in
education and research. Norwegian institutions such as the
Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), BI
Norwegian School of Economics and Norwegian School of
Economics (NHH) have established exchange programs with
Norway and Singapore are both major shipping nations,
with largely common attitudes in accordance with shipping
policy. A wide collaboration has been initiated on maritime
research between the Research Council of Norway and
Singapore's Port Authority. In the WTO, Norway and Singapore
have largely similar interests in strengthening the
multilateral trading system. The Norwegian company Renewable
Energy Corporation (REC) announced in 2007 that it will
build a giant solar power plant in Singapore. REC calculated
here with investments of NOK 23 billion over five years in
Singapore. Together with the maritime sector, this helps to
make Norway one of Singapore's largest investors.