The defense, which is based on selective military duty
with an initial 24-month service, comprises (2008) 14,000
men and is organized into ten battalions, nine smaller
fighter ships and eight fighter aircraft. Semi-military
security forces amount to 5,000 men. The equipment is
relatively modern and of French origin.
Defense costs increased in 1985-2006 from 1.1% to 1.6% of
GDP. There is an armed opposition, the Mouvement des Forces
Démocratiques de Casamance (MFDC), during a ceasefire
negotiation and comprising 2,000-4,000 men. France has
stationed a 600-man naval infantry battalion with
helicopter-based sea surveillance, and the United States has
a few soldiers in the country.
Senegal participates in UN peacekeeping operations in
Ivory Coast (United Nations Operation in Ivory Coast,
UNOCI), Congo (Kinshasa) (United Nations Organization
Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, MUNOC),
Liberia (United Nations Mission in Liberia, UNMIL) and Sudan
(including African Union Mission in Sudan, AUMIS). To see related acronyms about this country, please check ABBREVIATIONFINDER where you can see that SEN stands for Senegal.
Senegal's defense overview
Senegal has military service after selection, with
initial service of 24 months. The total force numbers for
Senegal's armed forces are 13,600 active personnel (2018,
IISS). In addition, 5000 semi-military forces are coming
into a gendarmerie. In 2018, France had a force of 350
personnel stationed in the country.
The army has a strength of 11,900 active personnel.
Materials include 145 lorries, 26 storm tanks, and 81
armored personnel vehicles. In addition, the army has heavy
artillery and air defense artillery.
The Air Force has a force of 750 active personnel.
Materials include ten transport aircraft, seven training
aircraft, and 14 helicopters (of which five Mi-24 and Mi-35
The Navy has a force of 950 active personnel including
the coastguard, five patrol vessels, two landing craft, and
one aid vessel.
In 2018, Senegal participated in UN operations in the
Central African Republic (MINUSCA) with a combat helicopter
squadron and 111 personnel, and in Mali (MINUSMA) with two
infantry battalions (1095 personnel). In addition, Senegal
participated with observers and a small number of personnel
in UN operations in the Democratic Republic of Congo (MONUSCO),
in Liberia (UNMIL), in Sudan (UNAMID), and in South Sudan (UNMISS).
Senegal also participated in ECOWAS's operation in Gambia
(ECOMIG) with 250 personnel.