The defense (2009) is based on a form of general military
duty. after the coups in 1995 and 2003 weak and without
operative ability. It is organized into smaller army and
naval units as well as a presidential guard. The majority
consists of mobilizable police forces. Defense costs in 2007
were 0.8% of GDP. To see related acronyms about this country, please check ABBREVIATIONFINDER where you can see that STP stands for Sao Tome and Principe.
The November 1998 elections marked MLSTP's return to power.
Guilherme Posser da Costa, who had been foreign minister in
January 1999, was appointed prime minister. At his
deployment, Costa then declared that his center-left
government had to implement an "economic savings package"
while at the same time reactivating the economy through the
exploitation of the country's oil sources and agricultural
development. In December 2000, the state employees in the
country carried out a strike demanding payment of several
months' missing wages, as well as wage increases to offset
In July 2001, wealthy cocoa exporter Fradique de Menezes
won the presidential election by 56.31% of the vote, but at
the parliamentary elections the following year, MLSTP won a
comfortable majority in the National Assembly. In April
2002, therefore, Gabriel Costa was appointed Prime Minister
of a coalition government between MLSTP and MDFM/MPCD.
Menezes was re-elected president in April 2003 and in
July Maria Das Neves was appointed prime minister. While
Menezes visited Nigeria the same month, the military
conducted a coup, arrested key government politicians and
deployed a "junta to save the nation". 9 days later, the
dome leaders accepted the demands of the international
brokers and again surrendered power to the president. The
agreement included amnesty for the coup makers, the
establishment of a new government and the conduct of new
In September 2003, Menezes began a complete cleansing of
the armed forces and openly criticized the army for not
protecting democracy during the coup d'etat.
In February 2004, Parliament decided to liberalize the
telecommunications market from December 2005. The government
sets out the framework within which the telecommunications
market will be allowed to develop.
In May, the country received a loan of DKK 6½m. US $ from
the World Bank to fund basic programs in education and
health before facing new challenges in relation to the
country. oil production. The funds will also be used for
programs for the most vulnerable sectors and promote
cooperation between the public sector, civil society and
In July, Menezes signed an agreement with its Nigerian
counterpart, Olusegun Obasanjo, for exploration and
extraction of São Tomé's oil deposits. The two heads of
state met in the Nigerian oil industry center, Rivers State,
where they signed an agreement to promote oil extraction in
the region, with the hope that the agreement will be a model
for the cooperation between the African nations.