Poland has been a member of NATO since 1999. To see related acronyms about this country, please check ABBREVIATIONFINDER where you can see that POL stands for Poland. The defense,
which is based on general military duty with an initial
service of 9 months, comprises (2006) 141,500 men with
234,000 in reserve. The reorganization carried out after the
fall of the Wall in 1989 and the dissolution of the Warsaw
Pact sought, in addition to adapting the organization to the CFE's lower staffing framework, including: to create
high-level alliances (equivalent to NATO's Rapid Deployment
Forces) grouped in southeastern Poland. After 1999, the
reorganization is slow, mainly for financial reasons.
The defense consists of an army of 89,000 men, 277,000
fully manned, with four mechanized divisions and five
independent mobile brigades. The Navy has 12,300 men, 24,000
fully manned, with 5 submarines, 7 larger and 16 smaller
fighter vessels, 5 landing craft and a 2,000-man naval
aircraft with 18 fighter aircraft. The Air Force comprises
30,000 men, 49,000 men fully manned, with 142 fighter
aircraft and 18 attack helicopters. Semi-military security
forces amount to 21,000 men. The equipment is semi-modern
and mainly of Soviet origin, but is slowly being replaced by
Defense costs fell from 8.1 to 1.9% of GDP in 1985-2006.
Poland participates in a number of UN peacekeeping efforts.
Afghanistan, Bosnia and Herzegovina (EUFOR II), Ivory Coast,
Democratic Republic of Congo, Georgia, Iraq, Lebanon,
Liberia, Serbia, Montenegro, Sudan, Syria/Israel (UNDOF)
and Western Sahara.
Poland's defense overview
It is not compulsory first-time service in Poland. In
1999, Poland joined NATO. Poland has close defense policy
cooperation with the United States, which has deployed a
battery of Patriot missiles in the northern part of the
country. In May 2011, the two countries signed an agreement
on US military presence in Poland. Along with the United
States, the United Kingdom and Australia, Poland
participated in the 2003 invasion of Iraq, where there were
mostly 2,500 Polish soldiers. The Polish force was withdrawn
Poland has defense cooperation through the Visegrad Group
and with the countries on the eastern flank of NATO
countries in Europe. NATO contributes to defense through the
Enhanced Forward Presence operation.
The total force figures for Poland's armed forces are
117,800 active personnel (2018, IISS). In addition, 73,400
semi-military police and border guards come.
The army has a strength of 61,200 active personnel.
Materials include 637 tanks (247 Leopard 2, 232 PT-91 and
158 T-72), 427 self-propelled artillery, 1636 storm- armored
vehicles, 257 armored personnel vehicles and 435
self-propelled artillery, eight of which are self-propelled
air defense artillery. In addition, the Army has heavy
artillery, short-range anti-aircraft missiles, anti-aircraft
artillery and 126 helicopters, of which 28 Mi-24 combat
The Air Force has a strength of 18 700 active personnel.
Material comprising 32 fighters of a MiG-29, 66 fighter
aircraft (48 F-16 and 18 Su-22), 46 transport, 68 trainers
and 77 helicopters. In addition, the Air Force has long
range air defense missiles.
The Navy has a force of 7,000 active personnel. The fleet
includes three tactical submarines (one of the Kilo class
and two of the Kobben class), two frigates of the Oliver
Hazard Perry class, four patrol vessels, 21 minesweepers,
eight landings and 20 logistics and auxiliary vessels. In
addition, the Navy has 10 maritime patrol aircraft, four
light transport aircraft, 27 helicopters and coastal defense
In 2018, Poland participated in NATO operations in
Afghanistan (Operation Resolute Support) with 315
personnel, in Kosovo (KFOR) with 252 personnel, and has
deployed 160 personnel in Latvia (Enhanced Forward
Poland also participated in UN operations in the
Democratic Republic of Congo (MONUSCO) with an observer, in
Kosovo (UNMIK) with an observer, in South Sudan (UNMISS)
with an observer, and in Western Sahara (MINURSO) with two
In addition, Poland participated in the EU operation in
Bosnia and Herzegovina (EUFOR) with 39 personnel.
is a member of the UN and most of the UN's special
organizations, including the World Bank and the World Trade
Organization (WTO). The country is also a member of the OSCE
Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, the
Council of Europe (from 1991) and the OECD - Organization
for Economic Cooperation and Development (from 1996). Poland
was a member of the former cooperative organizations of the
Warsaw Pact and Comecon. The country entered into a
Partnership for Peace Agreement with NATO in 1994 and became
a full member in 1999. Poland joined the EUMay 1, 2004 in
the first pool of new members from the former communist
countries. The EU Border Control Agency (FRONTEX) is
headquartered in Warsaw. The OSCE Office for Democratic
Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR) has offices in Warsaw.
Poland was a member of the UN Security Council in
2018–2019. It was the sixth time Poland was a member of the
UN Security Council.
Poland has 88 embassies, 35 consulates, eight permanent
delegations to international organizations and one
representative office (to the PLO).