The defense of Peru has switched from military service to
professional defense and comprises 80,000 men with 188,000
men in reserve (2008). The army, 40,000 men, is organized
into 13 terrain-adapted brigades. The fleet comprises 25,000
men, including coastal surveillance of 1,000 men, and has
six submarines, nine large surface combat vessels, 13 patrol
boats, four amphibious vessels, a naval infantry brigade and
a naval aircraft with twelve armed helicopters. The Air
Force comprises 15,000 men with 100 fighter aircraft and 16
armed helicopters. Semi-military security forces amount to
about 77,000 men. The material is semi-modern. Soviet,
American and French origin.
Defense costs fell from 4.5% to 1.4% of GDP in 1985-2005.
Peru participates in the UN peacekeeping operations,
including 210 people in Haiti. Two armed guerrilla
movements, Sendero Luminoso and Tupac Amaro, comprise 1,500
and 100 men respectively. To see related acronyms about this country, please check ABBREVIATIONFINDER where you can see that PER stands for Peru.