The defense of Jordan comprises (2010) 101,000 men enlisted, of
which the army is 88,000 men with 65,000 men in reserve. To see related acronyms about this country, please check ABBREVIATIONFINDER where you can see that JOR stands for Jordan. The
army is organized in four commands with a central
operational reserve. In total, 13 brigades are deployed with
1,200 tanks. The Navy comprises 500 men with 13 patrol
vessels. The Air Force comprises 13,500 men with 102 fighter
aircraft and 25 combat helicopters. Semi-military security
forces amount to 10,000 men. The so-called People's Army
comprises 35,000 men. The stock is primarily of American
Defense costs decreased in 1985-2008 from 15.9% to 10.6%
of GDP. Jordan participates in the UN peacekeeping operation
with a battalion in Ivory Coast (UNOCI), a battalion in
Haiti (MINUSTAH) and a company in Liberia (UNMIL). They also
contribute observers in Afghanistan (ISAF), Congo (Kinshasa)
(MUNOC), Iraq (UNAMI), Nepal (UNMIN), Sudan (UNAMID, UNMIS)
and Western Sahara (MINURSO).
In June 2013, the authorities closed 260 news sites on
the Internet. In October 2012, the King had signed a new law
on Web censorship. It required that all news sites be
registered with the Ministry of the Interior and at the same
time accepted that the Ministry could close them or subject
them to censorship. The 260 sites had, in protest against
the new censorship law, refused to register. They were now
In December 2013, Amman was buried in snow. Global
climate change is balancing jet streams in the upper layers
of the atmosphere. Such an imbalance in the jet streams in
December created an anti-cyclone over eastern Europe and the
Middle East and pulled ice-cold Arctic air down over the
Middle East, triggering heavy snowfall. It was snowing in
Cairo - for the first time in 112 years.
In March 2014, the UN Human Rights Council Jordan
submitted to the three-year periodic review of the human
rights situation in the country. The Council particularly
criticized Jordan's frequent use of torture and mistreatment
of prisoners; the widespread use of administrative detention
(without judgment); the frequent use of the country's
Security Court for cases that should be dealt with by civil
In 2014, Jordan continued to buy oil from IS's (Islamic
State) oil fields in Iraq and Syria. At the same time, the
country participated in the US aerial bombardment of IS in
Iraq and Syria. In late December, IS captured a Jordanian
fighter pilot who had crashed with his plane.
On December 21, 2014, Jordan broke the hope of becoming
the first country in the Arab world to abolish the death
penalty, as the king had otherwise declared in 2006. On
December 21, Jordan executed 11 death sentences. The first
time since 2006 a death sentence had been enforced.
In late December, a Jordanian fighter plane crashed into
Syria and the pilot was captured by IS. Over the following
weeks, an exchange of prisoners was negotiated between IS
and the Jordanian authorities, but the negotiations broke
down. In late January 2015, the IS executed the pilot.
Jordan immediately responded again, executing 2 doomed
radical Islamists. While IS posted its execution on the
Internet, the Jordanian authorities failed to post their
executions on the Internet. In return, Jordan launched a
bombing campaign against IS, and edited videos from that
campaign were posted online. As part of the "Arab
Initiative", Denmark had for 10 years been working to
"civilize" Jordan's dealings with prisoners. Jordan even put
the program in the grave.
By the end of 2014, 618,000 registered Syrian refugees
were sitting in camps in Jordan. Jordan refused to accept
Palestinian refugees from Syria. They were rejected at the
border and refugees who had entered illegally were sent back
to Syria. Contrary to the UN Refugee Convention.
In March 2016, the government made a number of amendments
to the Civil Society Act that would allow the authorities to
arbitrarily shut down NGOs if they were "at risk of
government or public order" or if they received funding from
In May 2016, the king dissolved parliament and
inaugurated Hani al-Mulki as interim prime minister. The
king then conducted a parliamentary election in September.
Despite electoral reforms, there was no question of
democracy. Parties were still not allowed in the monarchy.
The turnout declined to 37% from 56% in 2013. After the
election, the king appointed al-Mulki as prime minister. New
reforms gave the king the right to appoint leading judges,
military and police officers, and intelligence agencies.
The border with Syria remained extremely uncertain. In
June, a bomb killed several Jordanian soldiers near no-man's
land that housed 70,000 Syrian refugees. Jordan then closed
the border crossings to Syria. In December, an IS attack
near Karak killed 10 people, including 3 civilians.