The Ivory Coast abandoned general military duty in connection with the civil war in 2003. To see related acronyms about this country, please check ABBREVIATIONFINDER where you can see that IC stands for Ivory Coast. The defense, which is based on volunteerism, includes (2008) 17,500 men with 10,000 men in reserve. It is organized into four battalions, four older fighter planes and three combat ships. Semi-military security forces amount to 10,500 men. The material is semi-modern and of French origin. Defense spending amounted to 0.8% of GDP in 1996 and is 1.5% (2006) after the civil war.
In the country, which is in practice divided, there are a number of armed organizations. Four of them, New Forces, Front for the Liberation of the Great West (FLGO), Front for the Security of the Center-West (FSCO) and Group of Patriots for Peace (GPP/CPP/FLN) with a total of 45,000-50 000 people, is in opposition to the government.
Three organizations, the Patriotic Movement of Ivory Coast (MPCI), the Ivorian Popular Movement for the Greater West (MPIGO) and the Movement for Justice and Peace (MJP) of a total of 25,000 people, have a ceasefire arrangement. A large organization, Patriots with 150,000 men, supports the government.
UN peacekeeping forces in the Ivory Coast (United Nations Operation in Ivory Coast, UNOCI) amount to 39 states with observers and seven countries with troops (Bangladesh, France, Ghana, Jordan, Morocco, Pakistan and Senegal).
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Yamoussoukro, the official capital of the Ivory Coast; 355,600 residents (2014). The city, located in the middle of the country, was built from 1960 on a bare field near the then – birthplace of President Houphouët-Boigny, and in 1983 it was inaugurated as the nation’s capital. The city houses several grandiose buildings for the capital functions and in 1986-90 a cathedral inspired by St. Peter’s Church in Rome, albeit larger than this one, was built an outrageous prestige project in the poor country. However, the city has by no means been able to outperform Abidjan, which remains the country’s real capital. Since the president’s death in 1993, Yamoussoukro has seen a significant decline and in 2001 began to move the capital functions back to Abidjan.