The defense, which is based on selective military duty
with an initial service of 24 months, comprises (2009)
12,000 men and is organized into 9 battalions, 2 patrol
vessels and about 7 older fighter aircraft. Semi-military
security forces amount to 7,000 men. The material is older
and of Soviet origin.
Defense costs decreased in 1985–2007 from 1.8% to 1.1% of
GDP. Guinea participates with observers in the UN
peacekeeping operations in Ivory Coast (UNOCI), Sudan
(UNMIS) and Western Sahara (MINURSO). To see related acronyms about this country, please check ABBREVIATIONFINDER where you can see that GIN stands for Guinea.
Early in the morning of December 23, 2008, the chairman
of the National Assembly went on national TV and announced
that Conté had died the evening before after a long illness.
The president's weakened health was reportedly kept secret,
and this led to some speculation as to whether he had died
of natural causes. Guinea's constitution said that upon the
death of the president, the post is provisionally taken over
by the chairman of the National Assembly and presidential
elections are held for holding within 60 days. A few hours
after the announcement of the president's death, however,
the military conducted a coup. In the lead was Captain
Moussa Dadis Camara, who was part of a group called the
National Council for Democracy and Development (CNDD).
Camara issued a statement stating that the government and
state institutions had been dissolved, the constitution put
out of force and political and professional activity banned.
Conté was buried on December 26, and 40 days of mourning
December 30, the military junta appointed Kabine Komara
as prime minister. The junta declared January 5 that
parliamentary and presidential elections would be held by
the end of 2009. 10 days later a new government was
inaugurated. While the coup was condemned by most of the
world, including the AU, the UN and the EU, the United
States merely expressed hope for a "peaceful and democratic
In late September, the junta ordered the military to
attack protesters protesting Camara's plans to run for
president. It sent the soldiers out for murder, rape and
robbery. In December, Lieutenant Aboubacar Sidiki Diakité
fired President Camara following a quarrel over the events
in September. While Camara was in Morocco to be treated for
her gunshot wounds, the power was temporarily taken over by
Brigadier General Sékouba Konaté, who was already Vice
President and Secretary of Defense.
In October 2009, Minister of Mines Mahmoud Thiam
announced that Guinea had signed an agreement with the China
Development Fund to invest $ 7 billion. US $ in Guinea's
infrastructure. In contrast, China was supposed to be a
"strategic partner" in mining projects in the mineral-rich
country. In September 2011, the new Minister of Mines,
Mohamed Lamine Fofana, declared that the new government had
canceled the agreement with China. Other multinational
mining companies had given the government a "better deal"
and it had drafted a new mining law. Guinea has 25% of the
world's bauxite reserves, but is one of Africa's poorest