The defense encompasses (2009) 13,500 troops enlisted and
is organized into six battalions, seven patrol vessels and
nine combat aircraft. Ghana has no semi-military security
forces. The material is of varied, mainly Western, origin.
Defense costs decreased from 1.0% to 0.7% of GDP in
Ghana participates in UN peacekeeping efforts in Ivory
Coast (UNOCI), Congo (Kinshasa) (MUNOC), Lebanon (UNIFIL)
and Liberia (UNMIL), as well as observers in four other
countries. To see related acronyms about this country, please check ABBREVIATIONFINDER where you can see that GHA stands for Ghana.
Vice President John Atta Mills participated as a
candidate for the ruling party and supported by Rawlings in
the January 200 presidential elections. The NPP also
triumphed in the parliamentary elections, with the party
gaining 97 out of 200 seats, while the former government
party had to settle for 86. Kufuor assumed the presidency,
and it was in fact the first time in the country's history
that a presidential change had taken place on a democratic
Ghana continues to be the scene of clashes between
various clans. In late 2001, the Mamprusi and Kusasi clans
clashed, leaving 50 dead. In March 2002, new clashes
occurred, which included cost King Ya-Na Yakubu Andani II,
representative of the Andani clan. 27 others were killed.
The government put the country in exceptional condition and
commanded the military to separate the two clans. The
Mamprusi clan has traditionally supported NPP, while Kusaki
has supported NDC.
Kufour approved the creation of a Reconciliation
Commission to investigate human rights abuses under the
22-year military dictatorship. The Commission had
similarities with similar commissions in other African
countries and could impose impunity on witnesses. It got
tasked with investigating 200 cases of missing people under
Rawling's military governments.
In May 2003, the IMF approved an agreement with the
Poverty Growth and Reduction Program in Ghana. As part of
the agreement, Ghana received DKK 258 million. US $ to fund
government reform program for the period 2003-05. As part of
the program, there was a sharp slowdown in public spending.
On the other hand, an annual economic growth of 4.9% was
forecast and a reduction in inflation.
In June, the Government of Ghana signed an agreement with
the African Development Fund on a loan to strengthen the
health sector. The so-called «Health Project III» aimed to
curb the spread of AIDS/HIV and malaria as well as reduce
child mortality and poverty.
In July, the government renewed the state of emergency in
the country's northern province, Dagbon, to keep the
conflict in the area under control, although the situation
had a negative impact on trade with neighboring Burkina