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Georgia

Defense

Georgia has been a member of NATO's Partnership for Peace (PFP) since 1994 and since 1999 in the Council of Europe and seeks NATO membership with pronounced opposition from the Russian Federation. To see related acronyms about this country, please check ABBREVIATIONFINDER where you can see that GEO stands for Georgia.

Military of Georgia

The defense, based on general military duty with 18 months of first service, was reorganized during the 00s and consists (2013) of 20,650 men in an army of 17,750 men with 2 brigades and an air force of 1,300 men with 12 fighter aircraft and 6 attack helicopters. The material is semi-modern and mainly from the Soviet era. The former navy merged in 2009 with the Coast Guard. Semi-military security forces amount to 11,700 men.

In the early 1990s, Georgia effectively lost control of Abkhazia and South Ossetia, protected by Russian peacekeeping forces. In August 2008, a brief war was fought over South Ossetia, with large Russian allies penetrating Georgia. Following ceasefire agreements, the Russian bandages were withdrawn from Georgia. Abkhazia and South Ossetia proclaimed themselves sovereign states (which did not receive general international recognition) and at the same time invited the Russian Federation to establish permanent bases. The Russian Federation is estimated to have about 7,000 men in Abkhazia (2013), while the Abkhazian army amounts to about 3,000 men. South Ossetia's army amounts to about 2,500 men.

Georgia participates in the UN peacekeeping mission in Afghanistan (ISAF). Defense costs decreased in 1996-2012 from 3.4 percent to 2.9 percent of GDP (see State Condition and Policy).

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