The 2004 defense is based on selective military duty with
an initial service of eight months and comprises about 5,500
men. In 1996, Estonia adopted a four-year plan with a new
doctrine based on future NATO membership. The defense is
organized with five infantry battalions, three patrol boats
and a semi-military Border Guard unit comprising 2,600 men
organized in a regiment. Estonia has no fighter aircraft.
To see related acronyms about this country, please check ABBREVIATIONFINDER where you can see that EST stands for Estonia. The reserves amount to 24,000 people.
Estonia aims to militarily protect its own territory and
its borders. A cooperation agreement with the other Baltic
states was signed in 1996 with the aim of coordinating
border surveillance of the countries' eastern borders. A
coherent maritime surveillance system along all the three
Baltic states has been established, including Swedish aid.
After all, lack of financial resources, voluntary, educated
staff and competing societal needs with regard to
conscience-related young men limit the growth rate of the
Estonia, like other Baltic states, applied for membership
in NATO in 1997 and became a member in 2004. Defense
spending in 1996 amounted to 2.4% of GDP and in 2001 had
decreased to 1.2%. Estonia participates in UN peacekeeping
efforts, including by joining Swedish UN unions in the long
term to build up their own competence.
Tallinn, ty. and so on. Reval, the capital of Estonia, located on the Gulf of
Finland; 426,500 (2013), of which 54% are Estonians and 37% are Russian
Tallinn's Old Town is characterized by the city's medieval history. In the
lower part of the city center is the town hall square, which with the town hall
from 1300-t. has been a center of business, as well as the Holy Spirit Church
with Bernt Notke's famous altarpiece (c. 1485), St. Nicholas Church
(1200-1400-t.) and St. Olav's Church (first mentioned 1267), whose 124 m high
spire is the city's landmarks. Other popular tourist destinations are the
Dominican Monastery (1246) and the Cannon Tower (1457). The old part of the old
town is surrounded by a ring wall and towers from the late Middle Ages, built
with bastions from the Swedish era. Here lies, among other things. the
cathedral, founded immediately after the Danish conquest and through time used
as a burial church, as well as the parliament building opposite the Orthodox
Alexander Nevsky Cathedral from the 1890's. The old town is occupied by
UNESCO World Heritage List.
Finnish architects have erected several of the city's newer buildings, among
others. theater and concert hall Estonia (1910-13 by Armas Lindgren, 1874-1929).
The ferry port, Vanasadam, with traffic connections to Helsinki, Mariehamn,
Stockholm and Skt. Petersburg is a few hundred meters from the old city.
East of the center facing the Gulf of Tallinn is the Kadriorg Park with the
presidential residence and a baroque castle built in the 1720's for Peter the
Great; Here also lies the mighty Song Festival Stand (1960). Tallinn Technical
University (founded 1918; 13,500 students) is growing. Following Estonia's
regained independence in 1991, Tallinn is the dynamic center of the country's
business development and greatly increased international contact. More than half
of the country's GDP is generated here, with 76% of foreign investment (2004).
In 2011, the city was European Capital of Culture together with Turku.
The place was already known in ancient times as a port and commercial center.
The town, first mentioned 1154, was conquered in 1219 by Valdemar Victory, who
in 1248 introduced Libyan law. In 1285 it became a member of the Hanseatic
League. At Estonia's sale in 1346, Tallinn went to the German Order. The city
was under Sweden from 1561 until it was conquered by Russia in 1710 during the
Great Nordic War. During the 1700-t. it became an important Russian port city
and sea fortress.
With the beginning of industrial development in the late 1800's. the city got
a financial recovery. After becoming the center of the Russian government of
Estonia, Tallinn became the capital of independent Estonia in 1918-40 and after
the annexation the capital of the Soviet Republic of the same name. Tallinn was
occupied by the Germans 1941-44; In March 1944, more than 1/3
of the city destroyed during the Soviet bombings. In 1991, the city again became
the capital of an independent Estonia.