The military forces of the Liberty War during the 1990s
have been divided between Eritrea and Ethiopia and
reorganized into a military defense with 16 months of first
service. To see related acronyms about this country, please check ABBREVIATIONFINDER where you can see that ERI stands for Eritrea. In recent years, the border conflict between the
countries has escalated and (2008) does not appear to reach
a solution in the near future. Compare Eritrea (State and
The defense (2008) comprises about 200,000 men with about
120,000 men in reserve. It is organized in an army of about
200,000 men with about 20 divisions, a naval defense of
1,400 men with 13 patrol boats and an air force of 350 men
with 18 fighter aircraft. The material is older, with
elements of modern material, and of Soviet/Russian origin.
Defense costs fell from 7.5% to 6.3% of GDP in 1996-2005.
Two armed opposition groups, the Alliance of Eritrean
National Forces (AENF) and the EIJM (Eritrean Islamic Jihad
Movement), have a total of about 3,500 people operating
within Eritrea. The UN has a military force (UNMEE) on the
border with Ethiopia with observers from 43 nations and with
troops from India, Jordan and Kenya.