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Czech Republic


The country has been a member of NATO since 1999. The Czech Republic and Poland (2008) are involved in a defense issue for the whole of NATO concerning the deployment of a robotic defense against missiles from mainly the Middle East with a radar facility located in the Czech Republic and the robot part in Poland. To see related acronyms about this country, please check ABBREVIATIONFINDER where you can see that EZS stands for Czech Republic.

Military of Czech Republic

Since 2005, the defense has been based on volunteerism with the aim of being complete by 2010-12. It is organized in an army of 16,000 men with a rapid response force (brigade) and a mechanized brigade, and an air force of 6,000 men with 50 fighter aircraft, of which 12 are JAS 39D Gripen, and 38 attack helicopters etc. Half-military border and security forces amount to 3,000 MAN. The material is semi-modern of Soviet and own production and increasingly of Western origin.

Defense costs in 1985–2006 decreased from 4.7% (in the then Czechoslovakia) to 2.3% of GDP. The Czech Republic participates in a number of UN peacekeeping efforts. Afghanistan (NATO-ISAF), Serbia (KFOR) and Iraq (MNF) and with observers in five countries. The United States and the United Kingdom have advisors located in the Czech Republic.

Czech defense overview

The Czech Republic joined NATO in 1999, and in 2005 the country introduced a professional army. The total force is 23,200 active personnel, including 3,650 personnel in the Presidential Guard and the Military Police (2018, IISS). The Czech Republic has no navy.

Army has a personnel strength of 12 250. Heavier material comprises 30 tanks of a T-72, 227 armored vehicles, and 21 armored personnel.

The aircraft's personnel strength was 5850. Materials included 35 fighter aircraft (14 Gripen and 21 L-159 ALCA), 30 transport aircraft, nine L-39 Albatros type training aircraft (can also be used as light attack aircraft), and 52 helicopters, of which 17 were combat helicopters (seven Mi-24 and ten Mi-35).

Forces abroad

In 2018, the Czech Republic participated in NATO operations in Afghanistan (Operation Resolute Support) with 281 personnel, and in Serbia (KFOR) with ten personnel. The Czech Republic had also deployed 60 personnel in Latvia (Enhanced Forward Presence).

The Czech Republic also participated in UN operations in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO) with one personnel and one observer, in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA) with three observers, and in Serbia (UNMIK) with two observers.

In addition, in the EU operations in Bosnia and Herzegovina (EUFOR) with two personnel and in Mali (EUTM) with 41 personnel.

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