The defense comprises (2009) 14 100 men enlisted and is
organized into 9 battalions, 11 patrol boats, 15 fighter
aircraft and 7 armed helicopters. Semi-military security
forces amount to 9,000 men. The material is of varying,
mainly Western, origin.
Defense costs rose in 1985-2007 from 1.4% to 1.6% of GDP.
France has a military unit of 50 men stationed in Cameroon. To see related acronyms about this country, please check ABBREVIATIONFINDER where you can see that CMR stands for Cameroon.
The wide range of natural disasters, the strain from
payments on the country's foreign debt and the general
economic crisis made it questionable in October 2005 whether
Cameroon would be able to meet its Millennium Development
Goals. The economy was stagnant and according to. official
information, foreign debt had risen from DKK 2.9 billion. US
$ 1983 to $ 8.5 billion hunger, which is especially a
problem in the northern part of the country, which is
already the poorest area. About DKK 1 million people here
are in immediate need of relief. About 27% of the country's
foreign debt with the IMF and the World Bank was abandoned.
The 4.9 billion US $ was abandoned as the country became the
19th country to join the program of highly retaliatory poor
In May 2007, the African Development Bank ADB announced
that it was financing the construction of a shipyard in the
port city of Limbe in the country's southwest. The plant
will cost DKK 47 million. US $ and is one of ADB's 58
projects that have brought the country a total of approx. 1
billion US $.
Cameroon's constitution restricted a president to sit for
two terms. Already after his election for the second term in
2004, Biya started working on a change of constitution on
this point. At his New Year's speech in 2008, he declared
that the two-term restriction constituted a restriction on
the right of the people to elect their president. The issue
of constitutional amendment was therefore one of the themes
of violent protests against the board in February 2008. The
protests started as a strike organized by taxi and bus
drivers in the capital against announced increases in
gasoline prices. The strike spread quickly and became a
general strike mop price increases and poor working
conditions. Biya deployed the army and officially 40 were
killed during the 5-day protests that spread throughout the
country. Human rights groups pointed out that the number of
people killed was over 100. Biya lowered the price of
gasoline, raised the salaries of civil servants and the
military, and reduced a number of taxes. on cement.
In April, Parliament, by an overwhelming majority, passed
Biaa's proposal to amend the constitution and remove the
restriction of 2 periods.
In 2009, Biya appeared in 19th place in Parade
Magazine's list of the world's 20 worst dictators.
Armed clashes continued on the Bakassi Peninsula through
2010. In March, 19 members of an elite battalion were
convicted of "brutality against civilians". The occasion was
a clash in Bakassi, where 24 civilians had been injured.