The defense, which is based on general military duty with
at least 17 months of first service, (2013) amounts to
approximately 67,000 men standing. An additional 300,000
people are estimated to be mobilized. The organization
comprises 23 brigades, including 640 tanks. The fleet has 5
patrol boats. The Air Force has 44 fighter aircraft, of
which 14 are MiG 29, and 42 attack helicopters. However, the
Air Force is considered to be untrained and poorly
organized. In 2013, Russia signed a contract for the sale of
military equipment including tanks, artillery and rocket
weapons for USD 4 billion to Azerbaijan. To see related acronyms about this country, please check ABBREVIATIONFINDER where you can see that AZE stands for Azerbaijan.
In the Nagorno-Karabakh area, up to 20,000 men were under
arms in 1988-94, which, with support from neighboring
Armenia after fighting with the government forces, gained
control of almost the entire area. Arms rest has existed
since May 1994, and international peace negotiations are
ongoing (2014) between Azerbaijan and Armenia, with
observers from four countries in the border area, among
Defense costs amounted to 5.2 per cent of GDP in 2013.
Azerbaijan participates in UN peacekeeping operations,
including Afghanistan (ISAF) and Serbia (KFOR).
Nagorno-Karabakh is an enclave inside Azerbaijan and,
according to international law, belongs to this former
Soviet republic. In practice, however, the area functions as
an independent state, under the protection of Armenia. A war
was fought between 1991 and 1994 between Armenia and
Azerbaijan for control of Nagorno-Karabakh. Since then,
there has been a ceasefire, but no peace agreement has been
concluded and fighting often flares up.
Nagorno-Karabakh is an enclave in southwestern
Azerbaijan. It is usually stated to be 4,400 square
kilometers, similar to Bohuslšn, which corresponds to 5
percent of Azerbaijan's surface.
The Nagorno-Karabakh government in the city of
Stepanakert states that the area is just over 5,000 square
kilometers and that about 15 percent of the area is
controlled by the Azerbaijan army. At the same time, Armenia
occupies 14 percent of Azerbaijan, of which 5 percent is
Nagorno-Karabakh and 9 percent the surrounding buffer zone
(see also History and Current Policy and Conflicts:
The name Nagorno-Karabach reflects the area's location at
the intersection of three major powers that have, over the
centuries, had interests in the region. Nagorno means
mountain area or highland in Russian. Kara is Turkish and
means black, while bach comes from Persian and means garden.
The meaning becomes roughly "the black forested mountains".
However, the Armenians, the dominant group of people, use
the area's historic name, Artsach, which means Aran's
garden. The capital that Karabakh Armenians and the outside
world call Stepanakert officially named Xankəndi in
Since the war between Armenia and Azerbaijan in the early
1990s, Nagorno-Karabakh is connected to Armenia through the
so-called Latjin corridor, a few kilometers wide strip of
land with an important road between the two areas. The road
is Nagorno-Karabakh's only real connection with the outside
world. Armenia also occupies other parts of Azerbaijan