The defense comprises 53,000 men with about 21,000 men in
reserve and (2005) is organized in an army of 26,000 men
made up of battalions/regiment units with 100 tanks and 22
modern attack helicopters, etc. under mobile command and a
mobilizable reserve, 17,200 men. The base consists of a
division and six brigades. A command force, SAS, exists. The
navy comprises about 13,000 men, 14,500 men fully manned,
with six submarines, ten fighters/frigates, 15 patrol
boats, two landing craft and a naval aircraft with 23
submarine helicopters. The Air Force comprises 14,000 men,
15,500 fully-staffed, with 140 fighter aircraft, of which 22
are F-111. The equipment is of European and American origin.
Defense costs have decreased from 3.4 to 1.9% of GDP in
1985-2005. Within the framework of the ANZUS Pact (1951,
renewed in 1996), defense preparations are being conducted
in close cooperation with the United States and New Zealand.
Along with the UK and New Zealand, Australia has committed
to supporting the defense of Malaysia (with 115 men) and
Singapore. A smaller naval force normally resides in the
Indian Ocean. Australia participates in several peacekeeping
operations, in Iraq with one battalion (850 men) and three
sea surveillance aircraft, in the Solomon Islands (350 men)
and in Afghanistan, Cyprus, East Timor, Egypt, the Middle
East (UNTSO), Papua New Guinea and Sudan. To see related acronyms about this country, please check ABBREVIATIONFINDER where you can see that AUS stands for Australia.
Australia's defense overview
The total force numbers for Australia's armed forces are
57,050 active personnel, with a reserve of 21,050 personnel
(2018, IISS). All military service is now on a voluntary
basis, following the abolition of public service in 1972.
Both men and women can serve from the age of 17.
Australia, together with New Zealand and the United
States, is a member of the defense and security organization
The army has a staff of 29,000 active personnel. Heavier
materials comprises 59 tanks of the type M1 Abrams, 253
armored vehicles and 1,042 armored personnel. Besides
including 22 combat helicopters of the type EC665 Tiger, 82
transport helicopters and 15 moderately heavy drones.
The Air Force has a workforce of 14,400 active personnel.
Materials included 105 fighter aircraft (including 71
Hornet, 24 Super Hornet and 10 F-35 Lightning II), 12
Growler EK aircraft, 33 Hawk training and light fighter
aircraft, 22 patrol and anti-submarine aircraft (15 Orion
and seven Poseidon), six E-7 Road Detail AWACS aircraft,
five KC-30A tankers, 51 transport aircraft (including eight
Globemaster III and 12 Hercules) and 74 training aircraft.
The Navy has a workforce of 13,660 active personnel. The
fleet includes six tactical submarines, two
amfibieangrepsskip of Canberra-class, one dock landing ships
of Bay class, two fighters Hobart class, 11 frigate (three
of Adelaide class and eight Anzac class), 15 patrol boats,
four mine sweepers, 17 landings vessels and 14 logistics and
auxiliary vessels. The Navy's Air Force has 24
anti-submarine helicopters and 25 transport helicopters.
Australia had forces in Egypt in 2018 (27 personnel,
Operation Mazurka), in Malaysia (120 personnel), in the
Philippines (Operation Augury: 100 personnel), in
the United Arab Emirates (Operation Accordion: 500
personnel and two transport aircraft, and Operation Okra:
150 personnel, one AEW & C aircraft and one tanker) and in
Iraq (Operation Okra: 380 personnel).
Australia participated in 2018 in the NATO operation will
in Afghanistan (Operation Resolute Support) with
270 personnel in UN operations in the Middle East (UNTSO)
with 12 observers, and in South Sudan (United Nations
Mission in South Sudan) with 23 personnel and one observer.